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Where’s Your Prostate Located

Drugs To Treat Cancer Spread To Bone

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If prostate cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it almost always goes to the bones first. These areas of cancer spread can cause pain and weak bones that might break. Medicines that can help strengthen the bones and lower the chance of fracture are bisphosphonates and denosumab. Sometimes, radiation, radiopharmaceuticals, or pain medicines are given for pain control.

Side effects of bone medicines

A serious side effect of bisphosphonates and denosumab is damage to the jaw, also called osteonecrosis of the jaw . Most people will need to get approval from their dentist before starting one of these drugs.

What Kind Of Treatment Will I Need

There are many ways to treat prostate cancer. The main kinds of treatment are observation, active surveillance, surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, and chemo. Sometimes more than one kind of treatment is used.

The treatment thats best for you will depend on:

  • Any other health problems you might have
  • The stage and grade of the cancer
  • Your feelings about the need to treat the cancer
  • The chance that treatment will cure the cancer or help in some way
  • Your feelings about the side effects that might come with treatment

Blood And Lymphatic Vessels

The prostate receives blood through the inferior vesical artery, internal pudendal artery, and middle rectal arteries. These vessels enter the prostate on its outer posterior surface where it meets the bladder, and travel forward to the apex of the prostate. Both the inferior vesical and the middle rectal arteries often arise together directly from the internal iliac arteries. On entering the bladder, the inferior vesical artery splits into a urethral branch, supplying the urethral prostate and a capsular branch, which travels around the capsule and has smaller branches which perforate into the prostate.

The veins of the prostate form a network the prostatic venous plexus, primarily around its front and outer surface. This network also receives blood from the , and is connected via branches to the vesical plexus and internal pudendal veins. Veins drain into the vesical and then internal iliac veins.

The lymphatic drainage of the prostate depends on the positioning of the area. Vessels surrounding the vas deferens, some of the vessels in the seminal vesicle, and a vessel from the posterior surface of the prostate drain into the external iliac lymph nodes. Some of the seminal vesicle vessels, prostatic vessels, and vessels from the anterior prostate drain into internal iliac lymph nodes. Vessels of the prostate itself also drain into the obturator and sacral lymph nodes.

  • Microscopic glands of the prostate

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Prostate Massage: How It Is Done And What It Is Used For

Prostate massage, how to do it, techniques, benefits and contraindications: what to know about the practice, useful both in the medical and sexual fields.

The prostatic massage represents one of the techniques more in demand in recent years, both for the treatment of some disorders of medical origin and simply as a practice for the male intimate pleasure. Despite having very ancient origins, the treatment has achieved a certain popularity in the last decade, also thanks to the information quickly circulated on the Net. But what is prostate massage in fact, how is it performed, which are the best techniques and which benefits can it bring to the body?

Before entering into the merits of the practice, it is however necessary to remember how prostate is a very delicate male gland, subject to the action of external agents and infections due to its position. For this reason, in the event of ailments, pains, changes in urination or sexual difficulties, the first step is always to examine the opinion of the attending physician or, again, of theurologist andandrologist of trust.

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3B Scientific The Prostate Gland Chart

Another type of prostate issue is chronic prostatitis, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome. This condition causes pain in the lower back and groin area, and may cause urinary retention. Symptoms include leaking and discomfort. In severe cases, a catheter may be required to relieve the symptoms. If the problem is unresponsive to other treatments, your doctor may suggest a surgical procedure. If these do not work, your symptoms could progress and become chronic.

An acute bacterial infection can cause a burning sensation. Inflammation of the prostate can affect the bladder and result in discomfort and other symptoms. This is the most common urinary tract problem in men under 50, and the third most common in men over 65. The symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are similar to those of CPPS. Patients may experience a fever or chills as a result of the infection.

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Is It Possible To Gain Pleasure From The Prostate After A Radical Prostatectomy

Because a surgeon removes the prostate during a radical prostatectomy , a person will not be able to experience pleasure via prostate stimulation after this procedure. However, it is still possible to experience sexual pleasure overall.

An RP is a surgical procedure that involves completely removing the prostate. This is one treatment option for prostate cancer. It is a common surgical option if the cancer has not spread from the prostate.

There are two kinds of RP. During a standard RP, the surgeon will cut the nerves surrounding the prostate. In a nerve-saving RP, the surgeon will not cut these nerves.

According to a 2017 article in the World Journal of Mens Health,3377% of people who had undergone a standard RP experienced impaired orgasmic sensation.

A involving 256 sexually active participants examined the effects of RPs. It revealed that:

  • 60% of people reported less powerful orgasms
  • 5% of people reported anorgasmia

However, nerve-sparing RPs, combined with other factors, make it less likely that a person will experience impaired orgasmic sensation.

This is because the surgeon will avoid cutting the nerves that control erections.

A 2012 study found that

The prostate has uses in both reproduction and sexual pleasure.

The following sections will discuss the role and function of the prostate in more detail.

How Can I Feel My Prostate

You cant touch your prostate, but you can feel it from the outside of your body or through your rectum .

The easiest way to feel your prostate is from the back half of your perineum, near your rectum. The area mainly contains nerves and veins, not tissue. Your prostate should feel soft or rubbery.

When you touch your prostate externally or internally, you may feel a sudden urge to pee.

Many people find prostate stimulation sexually satisfying. However, you cant accurately check your prostate health through a self-examination. If you have any concerns about your prostate health, talk to a healthcare professional. They can answer any of your questions and accurately assess your prostate health.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 08/09/2022.

References

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How Prostate Cancer Staging Is Done

Initial staging is based on the results of PSA blood tests, biopsies, and imaging tests. This is also called clinical staging.

PSA refers to a protein made by the prostate measured by a lab test.

  • A higher level of PSA can indicate a more advanced cancer.
  • The doctors will also look at how fast the PSA levels have been increasing from test to test. A faster increase could show a more aggressive tumor.

A prostate biopsy is done in your doctors office. The results can indicate:

  • How much of the prostate is involved.
  • The Gleason score. A number from 2 to 10 that shows how closely the cancer cells look like normal cells when viewed under a microscope. Scores 6 or less suggest the cancer is slow growing and not aggressive. Higher numbers indicate a faster growing cancer that is more likely to spread.

How Big Is The Prostate

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Your prostate is about the size of a walnut.

The prostate usually gets larger after age 40 . It can grow from the size of a walnut to the size of a lemon. Benign prostatic hyperplasia isnt cancerous, and it doesnt increase your risk of developing prostate cancer.

How much does your prostate weigh?

Your prostate weighs about 1 ounce , which is as heavy as five U.S. quarters.

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Gene And Protein Expression

About 20,000 protein coding genes are expressed in human cells and almost 75% of these genes are expressed in the normal prostate. About 150 of these genes are more specifically expressed in the prostate, with about 20 genes being highly prostate specific. The corresponding specific proteins are expressed in the glandular and secretory cells of the prostatic gland and have functions that are important for the characteristics of , including prostate-specific proteins, such as the prostate specific antigen , and the Prostatic acid phosphatase.

In the developing embryo, at the hind end lies an inpouching called the cloaca. This, over the fourth to the seventh week, divides into a urogenital sinus and the beginnings of the , with a wall forming between these two inpouchings called the urorectal septum. The urogenital sinus divides into three parts, with the middle part forming the urethra the upper part is largest and becomes the urinary bladder, and the lower part then changes depending on the biological sex of the embryo.

How Do I Keep My Prostate Healthy

Help keep your prostate healthy by:

  • Getting regular prostate screenings. Most people should start screenings at 50. If you have a family history of prostate cancer, its a good idea to start screenings at a younger age.
  • Exercising regularly. People who are more physically active are less likely to have BPH.
  • Eating a healthy diet. Eating the recommended amount of fruits, vegetables and healthy protein may help promote prostate health.
  • Quitting tobacco products. Tobacco products may increase your risk of developing prostate cancer.

Can supplements improve my prostate health?

Dietary supplements dont have to go through clinical trials or get approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration , so there isnt much data on them. Supplements may show minor benefits, but most people wont see an improvement in their prostate health from taking them.

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What Does It Do

You could live without your prostate , but it plays a key part in fertility and reproduction, and grows during adolescence under the influence of the male hormone testosterone and its byproducts.

There are nerves and blood vessels that run along each side of your prostate called the neurovascular bundle. These are involved the process of getting and maintaining an erection.

How Serious Is My Cancer

Prostate Anatomy Images

If you have prostate cancer, the doctor will want to find out how far it has spread. This is called the stage of the cancer. You may have heard other people say that their cancer was stage 1 or stage 2. Your doctor will want to find out the stage of your cancer to help decide what types of treatment might be best for you.

The stage is based on the growth or spread of the cancer through the prostate, and if it has spread to other parts of your body. It also includes your blood PSA level and the grade of the cancer. The prostate cancer cells are given a grade, based on how they look under a microscope. Those that look very different from normal cells are given a higher grade and are likely to grow faster. The grade of your cancer might be given as a Gleason score or a Grade Group . Ask your doctor to explain the grade of your cancer. The grade also can helpdecide which treatments might be best for you.

Your cancer can be stage 1, 2, 3, or 4. The lower the number, the less the cancer has spread. A higher number, like stage 4, means a more serious cancer that has spread outside the prostate.

If your cancer hasn’t spread to other parts of the body, it might also be given a risk group. The risk group is based on the extent of the cancer in the prostate, your PSA level, and the results of the prostate biopsy. The risk group can help tell if other tests should be done, and what the best treatment options might be.

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Symptomatic treatment of an enlarged prostate usually involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables may be the best option if you suffer from chronic urination. It will help the body adjust to the increased size of the prostate. Also, taking regular urination intervals will help retrain the bladder to function properly. Inactivity also contributes to urine retention, and cold temperatures can increase the urge to urinate.

Invasive treatment of enlarged prostate includes medication that relieves the pressure on the urethra and bladder. However, if the condition is severe, it may require surgical intervention. If treatment is not successful, the enlarged prostate can become a potentially life-threatening disease. As the hormone levels in the body change, the enlarged prostate can lead to various complications, including urinary retention and even cancer. This is why it is critical to see a doctor for further evaluation.

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Be Prepared With Ezra

At ezra, your prostate health is our priority.

Ezra has also just received FDA clearance for prostate cancer artificial intelligence, the first lesion segmentation ever to be approved by the FDA.

With this technology, we are definitely ready to give you the best preventive approach to potential prostate cancer. You can read more here about how we compare with other techniques.

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What Are The Common Conditions And Disorders That Affect The Prostate

Common conditions that affect your prostate include:

  • Prostate cancer. Prostate cancer is the second most common type of cancer that affects men and people assigned male at birth .
  • Inflammation . Four different prostatitis conditions cause inflammation in your prostate gland: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic pelvic pain syndrome and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. Its the most common urinary tract issue in men and people AMAB younger than 50, and the third most common in men and people AMAB over 50.
  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia. BPH causes your prostate to grow, which can cause blockages in your urethra. Almost all men and people AMAB will develop some prostate enlargement as they age.

What Can You Do To Help Yourself To Prostate Health

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You might want to start thinking about what is meant by healthier lifestyle choices that you may like to consider for your prostate health and in fact your general health and well-being. Lifestyle choices are more than just about the food you eat its also about exercise, weight, alcohol and smoking.

Generally doctors agree that men with an average risk of prostate disease and prostate cancer should try to make choices that benefit their overall health by choosing healthier foods, taking regular exercise, stopping smoking and keeping alcohol within recommended guidelines.

At the moment there is no sure way or quick fix miracle nutrient, supplement or diet to prevent prostate disease or prostate cancer and it may be a case of considering changing your whole way of eating and choosing healthier foods. Involving the whole family in making healthier food choices may make it easier and may benefit their general health and well-being.

Please click to find out more about healthier lifestyle choices.

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Learn The Function And Location Of The Prostate

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a mans blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

The prostate cells produce an enzyme named Prostate Specific Antigen or PSA, found in a mans blood. PSA is produced exclusively by prostate cells. Elevated levels of the PSA enzyme can be helpful in diagnosing issues with the prostate, like cancer or infection. These elevated levels of PSA can be detected with a simple blood test. For more information, visit our page on PSA.

Experiment With Various Types Of Touch

You should play with what feels good once youve found the prostate. Applying a lubricant to your fingers or is much simpler and more convenient.

Some men prefer the sensation of constant pressure or pressing on the prostate, while others prefer stimulation or on-off pressure.

You should also try squeezing your PC muscle to see how the sensation of prostate stimulation shifts.

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The Prostate Gland: Mans Center Of Gravity

The prostate gland is a mysterious male reproductive organ that can be a source of curiosity, anxiety, fear and potential trouble. Since this gland is a midline organ nestled deep within the pelvis, I like to think of it as mans center of gravity.

Where exactly is the prostate gland?

The prostate gland is located behind the pubic bone and is attached to the bladder and the urethra . The rectum is directly behind the prostate . The prostate is situated at the crossroads of the urinary and reproductive tracts and completely surrounds the urethra, allowing its many ducts to drain into the urethra. The relationship between the prostate and the urethra can potentially be the source of problems for the older male. When a man ages, the prostate gland gradually enlarges. This prostate enlargement can constrict and block the urethra, giving rise to bothersome urinary symptoms.

What is the prostate, what purpose does it serve, and how does it function?

The prostate is a male reproductive gland that produces prostate fluid, a nutrient and energy vehicle for sperm. The prostate consists of glandular and fibro-muscular tissue enclosed by a capsule of collagen, elastin and smooth muscle. The glandular tissue contains the secretory cells that produce the prostate fluid.

What are the zones of the prostate gland?

Curious facts about the prostate:

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