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What Is The Main Cause Of Prostate Enlargement

How Is Prostate Enlargement Diagnosed

Main Causes and Risk Factors of Prostate Gland Enlargement

Your GP will take steps to diagnose the cause of your urinary symptoms. Your doctor may:

  • Ask about your personal, medical and family history
  • Ask you to describe your symptoms and how much they interfere with your life
  • Do a physical examination this will usually include the doctor checking the size, shape and feel of the prostate by placing a lubricated gloved finger into the rectum
  • Request urine or blood tests a blood test can check levels of a particular protein. Levels of this protein can become high due to prostate problems such as an enlarged prostate or prostate cancer or
  • Request an ultrasound scan of your prostate, bladder and kidneys. This may include a scan before and after emptying your bladder to see if significant urine remains after voiding.

Symptoms Of Prostate Disease

In its earliest stages, prostate disease may or may not be associated with symptoms. The symptoms of prostate disease depend on the condition, but may include:

  • difficulties urinating, such as trouble starting the flow of urine
  • the urge to urinate often, particularly at night
  • feeling as though the bladder can’t be fully emptied
  • painful urination
  • blood in the urine or blood coming from the urethra independent of urination.

Blood in the urine is often due to causes not related to the prostate. Always see your doctor if you find blood in your urine.

How Common Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia is the most common prostate problem for men older than age 50. In 2010, as many as 14 million men in the United States had lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia.1 Although benign prostatic hyperplasia rarely causes symptoms before age 40, the occurrence and symptoms increase with age. Benign prostatic hyperplasia affects about 50 percent of men between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90 percent of men older than 80.2

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What Is The Best Thing To Drink For Your Prostate

Prostate Cancer: A Guide for Aging Men

Drink tea. Both green tea and hibiscus tea are among the top drinks for prostate health. Both types of tea contain potent antioxidants. Studies show that green tea can help prevent prostate cancer from forming and may also slow the growth of aggressive prostate cancer.

Are eggs bad for the prostate?

Eggs are the richest source of choline, and a large study of men found that those who ate 2.5 or more eggs per week had an 81% increase in risk of lethal prostate cancer compared to those who ate less than half an egg per week. For prostate health, avoid or limit animal products to two or fewer servings per week.

What should I avoid with an enlarged prostate?

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Causes Of Benign Prostate Enlargement

The exact cause of benign prostate enlargement is unknown, but research suggests that hormones probably play an important role in the condition’s development.

Hormones are powerful chemicals that can have a wide range of effects on the cells of the body.

One theory is that as some men get older, the levels of a type of hormone called dihydrotestosterone increases, which may stimulate the growth of the prostate.

Another theory suggests that two hormones, testosterone and oestrogen, play a role. Younger men produce high levels of testosterone and much smaller levels of oestrogen. But as men get older, their levels of testosterone decrease, which means they then have a higher proportion of oestrogen in their body. It’s been suggested that the relative increase in oestrogen may stimulate prostate growth.

What Are The 5 Early Warning Signs Of Prostate Cancer

The following are some early symptoms of prostate cancer:

  • During urination, there is a burning sensation or discomfort.
  • Urination difficulty, or difficulty starting and stopping while urinating.
  • Urge to urinate more often at night.
  • Inability to contain ones bladder.
  • The flow or velocity of the urine stream has decreased.
  • Urine with blood
  • Semen with blood.

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Inflammation Of The Prostate

While prostatitis can affect men of any age, it is more common in younger men, aged between 30 and 50 years. The main types of prostatitis are:

  • bacterial prostatitis acute or chronic bacterial infection
  • non-bacterial prostatitis inflamed prostate, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome .

In most cases, the cause of prostatitis is unknown. Bacterial prostatitis responds well to antibiotic drugs that can get into the prostate.

Non-bacterial prostatitis, or CPPS, is the most common form of prostatitis and is more difficult to manage. Symptoms vary from one man to another. There is no single test to diagnose CPPS, so your doctor will need to rule out other possible causes of your symptoms before making a diagnosis.Possible causes of CPPS include:

  • a past bacterial prostatitis infection
  • irritation from some chemicals
  • chronic anxiety problems.

When To Contact A Medical Professional

Enlarged prostate (BPH) major breakthrough treatment: stops enlargement, eases urinary symptoms LUTS
  • Less urine than usual
  • Back, side, or abdominal pain
  • Blood or pus in your urine

Also call if:

  • Your bladder does not feel completely empty after you urinate.
  • You take medicines that may cause urinary problems, such as diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants, or sedatives. DO NOT stop or change your medicines without talking to your provider.
  • You have tried self-care steps for 2 months and symptoms have not improved.

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Can An Enlarged Prostate Shrink On Its Own

One-third of men with mild BPH find that their symptoms clear up without treatment. However, when enlarged prostate symptoms are bothersome or are affecting your quality of life or overall health, it’s time to talk to your doctor about the treatment options.

Does an enlarged prostate affect a man sexually?

If you have an enlarged prostate, or BPH, you may experience sexual problems. But there are treatments that can help. Studies have shown a connection between BPH and erectile dysfunction . “It’s a complicated story, but men who get BPH often get ED.

Can Prostate be treated without surgery?

New Procedure Shrinks Prostate Without Surgery. MONDAY, April 15 Men who need treatment for an enlarged prostate may soon have a new nonsurgical option, a small, early study suggests. Called prostatic artery embolization , the technique uses a catheter threaded into an artery in the leg.

How Is Enlarged Prostate Treated

Treatments for enlarged prostate include:

Lifestyle changes: These can include reducing liquid intake, bladder training , abstaining from alcohol and caffeinated beverages and regularly exercising the pelvic muscles.

Medication: A class of medication called Alpha Blockers works to relax muscle fibers in the prostate and bladder. This relaxation allows for increased urine flow and less frequent urination. A second class of medication, called Alpha Reductase Inhibitors, works to block the hormones that cause the prostate to swell. Many patients will take a combination of these two types of medication.

Minimally invasive procedures: Our specialists are trained in two minimally invasive procedures that can help remove or reduce the obstructing prostate tissue:

Surgery: For severe cases of a very enlarged prostate, surgical removal of the prostatecalled transurethral resection of the prostate may be the recommended course of action. Patients will decide with their doctor if aggressive treatment is warranted, depending on the size of the prostate and severity of symptoms.

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What Causes An Enlarged Prostate

We still dont really know all the things that cause the prostate to grow. But we do know about two risk factors that can increase your risk of having an enlarged prostate.


Your risk of having an enlarged prostate increases as you get older. Many men aged 50 or over have an enlarged prostate, but they dont all get symptoms. And some men have symptoms that don’t bother them.

Hormone levels

The balance of hormones in your body changes as you get older. This may cause your prostate to grow.

Other factors

Some studies show that obese men and men who have diabetes may be more likely to develop an enlarged prostate. Regular exercise may help to reduce your risk of urinary symptoms. But we still need more studies into the causes of enlarged prostate to know for certain if, and how, we can prevent it.

There is also some research that suggests you may be more at risk of developing an enlarged prostate if your father or brother has one. Again, further studies are needed to confirm this.

What Is Prostate Enlargement Or Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Prostrate Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Hypertrophy ...

Benign prostatic hyperplasia , or BPH, is a non-cancerous enlargement or growth of the prostate gland. Its the most common prostate disease. As the prostate surrounds the top part of the urethra , when your prostate grows, it makes the urethra narrower and puts pressure on the base of the bladder. This can affect the passing of urine in a number of ways.

BPH isnt usually life threatening, but some of its symptoms can have an impact on your life. Although it can be uncomfortable, your doctor should be able to recommend treatments that help.

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Lets Come To The Signs & Symptoms Of Prostate Enlargement

Some of the most common symptoms of BPH are:

  • Hesitancy and straining in the urine stream
  • Weak flow or decreased strength of the urine stream
  • Feeling that the bladder is not completely empty
  • Dribbling after urination
  • A sudden, uncontrollable urge to urinate
  • Mid-night urination
  • Needing to urinate more often
  • Blood in the urine
  • Herbal Therapies For An Enlarged Prostate

    Several herbal supplements are marketed for enlarged prostates. Saw palmetto, beta-sitosterol, and pygeum are all are widely used in Europe. They are available in the U.S. and don’t require a prescription.

    However, researchers and doctors are cautious about advising patients to try herbal supplements. Because they are not FDA-regulated, there are concerns about a product’s quality from batch to batch, according to the NIH’s Office of Dietary Supplements. Also, the safety of an herbal product depends on many things — the chemical makeup, how it works in the body, how it is prepared, and the dosage.

    Something else to consider: Like any drug, a herbal remedy can affect how other medications or treatments work, or interact dangerously with your other medications. They can also have side effects. And, the AUA points out, they have not been well-studied for effectiveness or safety.

    Before trying any alternative treatment, learn as much as you can about it, the AUA says. Most importantly — talk to your doctor before you try an herbal remedy. Many doctors consider alternative therapies like saw palmetto to “have no effect on symptoms, except as expensive placebos,” Slawin tells WebMD.

    Beta-sitosterol: This compound is extracted from pollen of rye grass. There has been some evidence that it provides relief from urinary symptoms. However, in four studies the supplement did not increase urinary flow rates, shrink the prostate, or improve bladder emptying.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Enlarged Prostate

    When the prostate becomes enlarged, it can block the urethra and impair bladder function. Symptoms that may indicate this is happening include:

    • Urinating many times a day and being unable to hold off urination
    • Problems starting a urine stream or a weak or interrupted stream, followed by dribbling at the end
    • Waking at night to urinate and accidental loss of urine

    What Is The Prostate

    Enlarged Prostate Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

    The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function of the prostate is to make a fluid that goes into semen. Prostate fluid is essential for a mans fertility. The gland surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder. The bladder neck is the area where the urethra joins the bladder. The bladder and urethra are parts of the lower urinary tract. The prostate has two or more lobes, or sections, enclosed by an outer layer of tissue, and it is in front of the rectum, just below the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men, the urethra also carries semen out through the penis.

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    About Half Of Men Older Than 50 Have An Enlarged Prostate Here Are Some Of The Basic Facts You Need To Know About This Common Condition

    As men age, many experience prostate gland enlargement. This condition is known as benign prostatic hyperplasia .

    The prostate gland surrounds the urethra, the hollow tube that carries urine out of the body. When the prostate gets bigger, it can squeeze or partially block the urethra, which leads to problems urinating.

    BPH is quite common in older men. In fact, the condition impacts about 50% of men between the ages of 51 and 60. For men 80 and older, the prevalence of BPH is approximately 90%, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

    How Is Benign Prostate Enlargement Diagnosed

    If your GP suspects that you have an enlarged prostate, you’ll be asked to complete a questionnaire to assess your symptoms.

    Each question has five possible answers that carry a score, and your overall score indicates the severity of your symptoms.

    Your GP will also want to rule out other conditions that cause similar symptoms to prostate enlargement.

    You may have a number of standard tests, such as urine tests, plus some more specific tests, such as a blood test that measures PSA.

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    What Are Weighted Squats Good For

    squatweighted squatweightssquat

    Keeping this in view, what are the benefits of doing squats with weights?

    Heavy squats dont just pack muscle onto your legs, they benefit your entire upper body

    • Squats build up your quads, hamstrings, glutes and calves.
    • They strengthen your core.
    • Build muscle all over your body.
    • Ups your metabolism to burn more fat.
    • Increase hormone release.
    • Help your balance.
    • Improves physical performance.

    Also Know, are weighted squats bad for you? Squats, when performed correctly and with appropriate supervision, are not only safe, but may be a significant deterrent to knee injuries. It forces an unnatural range of motion, which can actually lead to knee and back injuries, and research has shown its far less effective than the free weight, barbell squat.

    Likewise, people ask, what muscles do weighted squats work?

    A barbell squat is a push-type, compound exercise which works primarily your quadriceps, but also trains your glutes, hamstrings, and calves, as well as muscles in your lower back.

    How many weighted squats should I do?

    If your end result is to improve the strength of your lower body, then you should train and do squats every two days, or three times a week. Your goal should be 3 sets between 4 and 8 reps. Take at least 3 minutes to rest and recover between the squat sets.

    Tests To Diagnose An Enlarged Prostate

    Enlarged Prostate: When To Get Worried and When To Just Relax

    How can an enlarged prostate be detected?

    A proper history and rectal examination can reveal a marked enlargement of the prostate or the presence of other lesions:

    To ascertain increased prostate volume and prevent prostatic hyperplasia, it is useful to have periodic check-ups such as:

    • a complete urine test
    • examinations to assess kidney function.

    A fundamental index for investigating the state of health of the prostate is the P.S.A. value, i.e. the prostate specific antigen: this value makes it possible to estimate the possibility of progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    In addition, the PSA value indicates whether further investigations are necessary to detect prostate neoplasia.

    Other tests to identify p. disease include:

    • suprapubic and transrectal ultrasound: these allow the prostate volume to be assessed, as well as the post-mineral residue, i.e. the residue of urine that remains in the bladder after urination. The amount of urine remaining in the bladder is often an important symptom that the hyperplasia is worsening.
    • uroflowmetry: a useful, albeit limited, way of assessing the urine flow both diagnostically and in monitoring the effectiveness of treatment.

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    What Treatments Are There For Bph

    If you have LUTS linked with BPH, its important to think about how much the symptoms are bothering you before deciding on treatment.

    If your symptoms are mild, it might be best not to have any treatment, as treatment side effects can affect your quality of life more than your initial symptoms prior to treatment. There are medicines that can help if you have mild to moderate symptoms. If your symptoms are moderate to severe, there are a number of surgery options with varying risks and benefits.

    Because BPH can affect your relationships, it can help to include your family or partner in the treatment process.

    Surgical Treatment For Enlarged Prostate

    • Transurethral resection of the prostate . In this surgery, the inner portion of the prostate is removed. Used 90% of the time, this is the most commonly used surgical procedure for BPH.

    • Open prostatectomy .The surgeon makes an incision and removes the enlarged tissue from the prostate.

    • Laser surgery –Laser surgery uses laser energy to destroy prostate tissue and shrink the prostate.

    • Transurethral incision of the prostate .This surgery does not involve removing prostate tissue. A few small cuts are made in the prostate gland to reduce the prostate’s pressure on the urethra, making urination easier.

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