Monday, September 26, 2022
HomeCancerDifference Between Enlarged Prostate And Prostate Cancer

Difference Between Enlarged Prostate And Prostate Cancer

Does Prostatitis Increase Prostate Cancer Risk

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia vs Prostate Cancer

Current evidence suggests that prostatitis, or other prostate problems, does not increase a persons chances of developing prostate cancer.

However, a person with prostatitis may be more likely to receive a prostate cancer diagnosis. This is because they may have more interactions with healthcare professionals and diagnostic testing, leading to the detection and diagnosis of prostate cancer.

Researchers are investigating whether inflammation may contribute towards the eventual development of prostate cancer, but as yet, no evidence indicates this.

When To Contact A Medical Professional

Contact your provider right away if you have:

  • Less urine than usual
  • Back, side, or abdominal pain
  • Blood or pus in your urine

Also contact your provider if:

  • Your bladder does not feel completely empty after you urinate.
  • You take medicines that may cause urinary problems, such as diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants, or sedatives. DO NOT stop or change your medicines without talking to your provider.
  • You have tried self-care steps for 2 months and symptoms have not improved.

Bph And Risk Of Bladder Cancer

Mata-analysis including all 6 studies indicated that BPH was associated with an increased risk of bladder cancer , with no significant between-study heterogeneity .3). The association of BPH and bladder cancer tended to be stronger in case-control studies than that in cohort studies . Subgroup analyses by ethnicity, source of participant recruitment, and study quality generally showed a significantly increased risk of cancer with BPH in the subgroups, with no significant subgroup differences .3). Meta-regression was not performed as only 6 studies were included.

The relative risk of bladder cancer in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The diamonds indicated the pooled relative risks the size of each box indicates the relative weight of each study in the meta-analysis the horizontal bars show the 95% confidence intervals. CI = confidence interval.

You May Like: Is Cinnamon Good For Prostate Cancer

Find Out More From Webmd About Causes Symptoms Diagnosis And Treatment

It may grow slowly and its typically treatable. Prostate cancer and bph can cause identical symptoms and high psa levels but are two different conditions. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer, the better the patients chance of survival is. This is a condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia . Here are 10 more facts about prostate cancer. Being armed with information is vital to begin the fight. Most men today are diagnosed before they begin to show any signs of prostate cancer. Whether you or someone you love has cancer, knowi. Although screenings for prostate cancer are one tool for early detecti. The prostate gland is underneath the bladder. What is benign prostatic hyperplasia? Find the information you need today. When it gets bigger, it can block.

How To Tell The Difference Between Bph And Prostate Cancer : Edelweiss: Cancer Open Access journal | Skin cancers Here are 10 more facts about prostate cancer.. Although screenings for prostate cancer are one tool for early detecti. One in seven men in the united states will receive a prostate cancer diagnosis during his lifetime. Most men today are diagnosed before they begin to show any signs of prostate cancer. Here are 10 more facts about prostate cancer. Learn more about the causes of prostate cancer here.

Most men experience prostate gland enlargement as they age. Whether you or someone you love has cancer, knowi. However, as with other types of cancer,.

What Are The Warning Signs Of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

BPH

Your prostate surrounds your urethra. When BPH causes your prostate to grow, it can cause blockage in your urethra. As a result, early symptoms of BPH include:

  • Slowness or dribbling when you pee.
  • Difficulty starting to pee.
  • Kidney damage due to pee backflow from your bladder up to your kidney. The pee backflow increases pressure on your kidney.

Don’t Miss: How Do You Milk A Prostate Gland

How To Treat Bph

If you have BPH, your doctor may recommend one of several treatment options depending on the severity of your symptoms, such as:3,6,7

  • Watchful waiting if you have mild symptoms, or until your symptoms become more severe.
  • Medications like alpha blockers, 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, or combination drug therapy for mild to moderate symptoms.
  • Minimally invasive treatments, such as Rezm Water Vapor Therapy, for moderate to severe symptoms.
  • Surgery, such as transurethral resection of the prostate or a prostatectomy, for severe symptoms.

If youre wondering, Will I be able to get back to my favorite activities without taking frequent bathroom breaks? The answer is Yes, you can Rezm your life!

Rezm Water Vapor Therapy, a minimally invasive treatment for BPH, shrinks an enlarged prostate using the natural energy stored in water vapor treating the cause of your BPH. Get back to your regular activities. Talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks associated with all treatment options, or find a doctor near you to learn more.

Publication Bias And Sensitivity Analysis

A visual inspection showed some asymmetry in the funnel plot for prostate cancer but none in the funnel plot for bladder cancer . Egger’s tests indicated no significant publication bias .

For both prostate cancer and bladder cancer, sensitivity analyses by excluding studies with high risk of bias, studies without matching or adjusting for any potentially confounding factor, or single-arm cohort studies did not show major influence to the estimated effects. BPH remained a significant risk factor for bladder cancer after excluding the studies performed diabetes patients .

You May Like: What Are The Risks Of Having A Prostate Biopsy

Treating Benign Prostate Enlargement

Treatment for an enlarged prostate will depend on how severe your symptoms are.

If you have mild symptoms, you do not usually need immediate treatment. Your doctor will agree with you if and when you need more check-ups.

You’ll probably be advised to make lifestyle changes, such as:

  • drinking less alcohol, caffeine and fizzy drinks
  • limiting your intake of artificial sweeteners
  • exercising regularly
  • drinking less in the evening

Medicine to reduce the size of the prostate and relax your bladder may be recommended to treat moderate to severe symptoms of an enlarged prostate.

Surgery is usually only recommended for moderate to severe symptoms that have not responded to medicine.

Risk Factors For Bph And Prostate Cancer

BPH vs Prostatitis – What’s The Difference?

The word âbenignâ in benign prostatic hyperplasia means itâs not cancer. âHyperplasiaâ means an increased number of cells. BPH is also known as an enlarged prostate.

Itâs not clear what causes an enlarged prostate, but age appears to play a role. The main male hormone is testosterone, and your testosterone level naturally goes down with age.

Along with testosterone, you produce smaller amounts of a hormone called dihydrotestosterone and the female hormone estrogen. Some researchers theorize that as your testosterone drops, it leaves you with higher proportions of estrogen and DHT. This could prompt prostate cells to spread.

The main risk factors for BPH are being male and being older. Itâs rare if youâre under 40. Half of all men between ages 51 and 60 have BPH. It may affect as many as 90% of men older than 80.

Other risk factors for BPH include:

  • Family history: Having blood relatives with BPH boosts your risk
  • Overall health: Conditions such as diabetes or heart disease increase your odds
  • Obesityand lifestyle: Obesity may raise your risk, while exercise can lower it

Cancer starts when cells develop changes in their DNA, causing abnormal cells to grow out of control. Exactly what sets this off in prostate cells isnât clear.

As with BPH, the biggest risk factors for prostate cancer are being male and aging. Those 50 and up are at highest risk. About 13 of every 100 men will get prostate cancer during their lifetimes.

Other risk factors are:

Don’t Miss: Hormone Treatment For Prostate Ca

How Is Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Diagnosed

Your healthcare provider will review your medical history, ask you questions and perform a physical examination. Part of the physical exam involves a digital rectal exam.

During a digital rectal exam, your healthcare provider will carefully insert their gloved digit into your rectum. Theyll feel the edges and surface of your prostate, estimate the size of your prostate and detect any hard areas that could be cancer.

Your healthcare provider may also order:

  • A survey to evaluate the severity of your symptoms.
  • A urine flow test to measure the speed of your pee stream.
  • A study to detect how much pee remains in your bladder after youve finished peeing.
  • A cystoscopy to look into your bladder.

The Initial Causes Difference Between Enlarged Prostate And Cancer

One of the first symptoms of prostate issues is pain or tenderness in the groin or lower back. This can be the result of a noncancerous condition called enlarged prostatic tissue, or it could be an infection of the bladder. In either case, its important to see a doctor as soon as possible. If youre suffering from prostate pain, you may want to consider reducing your caffeine intake.

Another symptom of a potentially enlarged prostate is difficulty starting a stream of urine, leaking, or dribbling. These symptoms are not serious, but theyre still alarming. Most men put up with an enlarged prostate for years before seeking medical attention, but they typically seek treatment as soon as they notice symptoms. Even if you dont have symptoms, its worth getting checked to determine if you have any prostate issues.

If you experience nightly bathroom runs, you may be experiencing an enlarged prostate. You may be having difficulty starting a stream of urine, or you may even be dribbling or leaking during the day. These problems arent life-threatening, but can become a nuisance. You should not ignore these signs and seek treatment as soon as you notice them. If you feel any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor.

Read Also: What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

Professor Ralph Peeker Explains The Concepts

With age, most mens prostates grow. But an enlarged prostate has nothing to do with cancer.

These two conditions both start in the prostate, but thats more or less the only similarity. BPH is a condition that almost all men will get if they are lucky enough to enjoy a long life, Ralph Peeker explains.

BPH starts in the central part of the prostate gland while prostate cancer tends to start in the peripheral zone. Both conditions are quite common, affecting elderly men, so its possible to have or get both, but they dont cause each other.

What are the signs of enlarged prostate?

With BPH you probably need to empty the bladder more often than before, also during the night. Its common with incomplete voiding which in worst case can develop into total urinary retention, meaning you cant get the urine out at all, Ralph Peeker says.

There are effective treatments for BPH, both surgical and medical. Sometimes there is a waiting time for surgery and it may be necessary to use intermittent catheters for emptying the bladder in the meantime. This method can also be used continuously to ensure complete emptying.

Symptoms

Until recently we thought that prostate cancer and BPH showed the same symptoms urinary issues but in fact, recent studies show that men with urinary problems are less likely to get prostate cancer in the future, Ralph Peeker says.

The only way to find out if you are affected is to visit your healthcare professional for examination and a blood sample.

Bph And Risk Of Prostate Cancer

Thread by @ProfAbdille on Thread Reader App  Thread Reader App

Meta-analysis of all 19 studies demonstrated that BPH was associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer , with significant between-study heterogeneity .3). Subgroup analysis by study design showed that the association between BPH and prostate cancer was stronger in case-control studies than in cohort studies , with a significant subgroup difference . Subgroup analysis by ethnicity suggested that the association between BPH and prostate cancer was stronger in Asians than in Caucasians . The difference remained significant in the meta-analysis of case-control studies . Subgroup analysis by ethnicity was not undertaken among cohort studies as there was no cohort study carried out in Asians. Subgroup analysis by the source of participant recruitment and study quality indicated no significant subgroup differences .

The relative risk of prostate cancer in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The diamonds indicated the pooled relative risks the size of each box indicates the relative weight of each study in the meta-analysis the horizontal bars show the 95% confidence intervals. CI = confidence interval.

You May Like: Function Of The Prostate Gland And Seminal Vesicles

Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer

Some risk factors have been linked to prostate cancer. A risk factor is something that can raise your chance of developing a disease. Having one or more risk factors doesnât mean that you will get prostate cancer. It just means that your risk of the disease is greater.

  • Age. Men who are 50 or older have a higher risk of prostate cancer.
  • Race. African-American men have the highest risk of prostate cancerâthe disease tends to start at younger ages and grows faster than in men of other races. After African-American men, prostate cancer is most common among white men, followed by Hispanic and Native American men. Asian-American men have the lowest rates of prostate cancer.
  • Family history. Men whose fathers or brothers have had prostate cancer have a 2 to 3 times higher risk of prostate cancer than men who do not have a family history of the disease. A man who has 3 immediate family members with prostate cancer has about 10 times the risk of a man who does not have a family history of prostate cancer. The younger a manâs relatives are when they have prostate cancer, the greater his risk for developing the disease. Prostate cancer risk also appears to be slightly higher for men from families with a history of breast cancer.
  • Diet. The risk of prostate cancer may be higher for men who eat high-fat diets.

How Is Bph Treated

If your prostate is mildly enlarged and youâre not bothered by symptoms, thereâs no danger in living with BPH. Unless you develop troublesome symptoms or your annual checkup uncovers something new, you may not need treatment.

When symptoms are a problem, you can do a few things on your own to relieve them, such as:

  • Cut down on fluids as you get close to bedtime
  • Go easy on alcohol and caffeine
  • Avoid diuretics, medicines that move extra fluid out of your body, at least at night
  • Exercise your pelvic floor muscles

Treatment for BPH may include medications that can help control the growth of your prostate and reduce symptoms. Some of these are:

  • Alpha blockers: These help relax muscles and improve the flow of urine
  • Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors: Theyâre usually prescribed for erection problems, and may help relax muscles in the lower urinary tract
  • 5-alpha reductase inhibitors: They help block your bodyâs production of DHT hormone

If medicines donât work, your doctor may recommend a minimally invasive procedure to destroy specific areas of prostate tissue. Some of these are:

  • Transurethral needle ablation, which uses radio waves to destroy excess tissue
  • Transurethral microwave thermotherapy, which uses microwave energy
  • High-intensity focused ultrasound , which removes tissue with ultrasonic waves
  • Transurethral electrovaporization, which works by using heat in a focused area
  • Water-induced thermotherapy, which uses heated water to remove the extra tissue

Recommended Reading: What Is Sbrt Treatment For Prostate Cancer

The Initial Causes Difference Between Bph And Prostate Cancer

One of the first symptoms of prostate issues is pain or tenderness in the groin or lower back. This can be the result of a noncancerous condition called enlarged prostatic tissue, or it could be an infection of the bladder. In either case, its important to see a doctor as soon as possible. If youre suffering from prostate pain, you may want to consider reducing your caffeine intake.

Another symptom of a potentially enlarged prostate is difficulty starting a stream of urine, leaking, or dribbling. These symptoms are not serious, but theyre still alarming. Most men put up with an enlarged prostate for years before seeking medical attention, but they typically seek treatment as soon as they notice symptoms. Even if you dont have symptoms, its worth getting checked to determine if you have any prostate issues.

If you experience nightly bathroom runs, you may be experiencing an enlarged prostate. You may be having difficulty starting a stream of urine, or you may even be dribbling or leaking during the day. These problems arent life-threatening, but can become a nuisance. You should not ignore these signs and seek treatment as soon as you notice them. If you feel any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor.

What Is The Link Between Enlarged Prostate And Prostate Cancer

Recognizing Prostatitis vs Prostate Cancer | Ask a Prostate Expert, Mark Scholz, MD

Throughout his life, a mans body including his prostate undergoes various changes normal and abnormal. However, all atypical prostate changes do not indicate cancer.

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Prostate enlargement is prevalent in nearly 70% of men over the age of 50. Besides the high incidence rate, these ailments have a few overlapping symptoms.

Let us begin by understanding what these conditions are all about.

Don’t Miss: Prostate Massage Therapy Mayo Clinic

Psa Levels In Bph And Prostate Cancer

Tissues in the prostate make a protein called Prostate-Specific Antigen, or PSA. Your doctor may recommend a PSA blood test. It identifies high levels of PSA that can be caused by prostate cancer or BPH. This test is usually done to look for early signs of prostate cancer. However, since both BPH and prostate cancer increase PSA levels, a PSA test alone may not be enough to determine whether you have prostate cancer.5 A prostate biopsy is another important test used to diagnose prostate cancer. You can also look for other symptoms, like blood in your urine, that are more common in prostate cancer than BPH.

To get a better understanding of prostate cancer screening and the PSA test, read this article and speak with your doctor.

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular