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What Are The Statistics Of Prostate Cancer

New Canadian Cancer Statistics Report Reveals 50% Decline In Prostate Cancer Death Rate Since Peak In 1995

Prostate Cancer Statistics

Progress is a testament to advancements in research leading to life-saving treatments.

4 min. read

OTTAWA, ON

A new report released today by the Canadian Cancer Society reveals significant progress is being made in saving the lives of people with prostate cancer. Since its peak in 1995, the prostate cancer death rate has declined by 50%. This progress reflects remarkable advancements in research that have led to life-saving treatments.

Canadian Cancer Statistics 2021 was developed by the Canadian Cancer Statistics Advisory Committee in collaboration with CCS, Statistics Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada. The report showed the prostate cancer death rate has been cut in half over the last 26 years from 45.1 to an expected 22.7 per 100,000 males. Nevertheless, an estimated 4,500 will die from prostate cancer this year.

Prostate cancer continues to take an enormous toll on the 1 in 8 men expected to be diagnosed with the disease in their lifetime, but thanks to the perseverance of researchers, we have made tremendous breakthroughs, says Elizabeth Holmes, Senior Manager of Policy and Surveillance, CCS. By funding innovative research projects, we have been able to enhance treatments that improve outcomes and extend the lives of people with prostate cancer, helping them live longer and healthier lives.

Advancements in precision surgery and targeted radiation treatments have played a major role in helping to cut the prostate cancer death rate in half.

Lifestyle Factors And Prostate Cancer Risk

In this report from our Continuous Update Project the worlds largest source of scientific research on cancer prevention and survivorship through diet, nutrition and physical activity we analyse global research on how certain lifestyle factors affect the risk of developing prostate cancer. This webpage forms part of the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research Third Expert Report Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective.

Whos At Risk For Prostate Cancer

All men are at risk of having prostate cancer. About one man in nine will be diagnosed with it during their lifetime, but only one in 39 will die of this disease. About 80% of men who reach age 80 have cancer cells in their prostate. Besides being male, there are other things that contribute to the risk.

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What Are The Statistics For Prostate Cancer

  • The rate of prostate cancer is higher in African-American men than white men. African-American men are also more than twice as likely to die from prostate cancer. The reasons why are not known. But some risk factors may play a part, such as differences in genes.

  • About 164,690 men in the U.S. will get prostate cancer in 2018. It is the most common cancer in men, not including skin cancer. Nearly 2 out of 3 of these men will be age 65 or older.

  • Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in men in the U.S. after lung cancer. About 29,430 men will die of prostate cancer in 2018.

Prognosis For Prostate Cancer

10+ Facts About Prostate Cancer Every Man Should Know ...

It is not possible for a doctor to predict the exact course of a disease, as it will depend on each person’s individual circumstances. However, your doctor may give you a prognosis, the likely outcome of the disease, based on the type of prostate cancer you have, the test results, the rate of tumour growth, as well as your age, fitness and medical history.

Prostate cancer often grows slowly and even more aggressive types tend to grow more slowly than other types of cancer. If diagnosed early, prostate cancer has one of the highest five year survival rates.

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Reduce The Prostate Cancer Death Rate C08

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18.3 prostate cancer deaths per 100,000 males

Target:

Baseline:18.8 prostate cancer deaths per 100,000 males occurred in 2018

Reduce the prostate cancer death rate

Reducing The Cancer Burden

Between 30 and 50% of cancers can currently be prevented by avoiding risk factors and implementing existing evidence-based prevention strategies. The cancer burden can also be reduced through early detection of cancer and appropriate treatment and care of patients who develop cancer. Many cancers have a high chance of cure if diagnosed early and treated appropriately.

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Risk Of Prostate Cancer

About 1 man in 8 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.

Prostate cancer is more likely to develop in older men and in non-Hispanic Black men. About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older, and it is rare in men under 40. The average age of men at diagnosis is about 66.

Global Cancer Statistics : Globocan Estimates Of Incidence And Mortality Worldwide For 36 Cancers In 185 Countries

Prostate Cancer Statistics – Did You Know?

Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Corresponding Author: Freddie Bray, BSc, MSc, PhD, Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150, cours Albert Thomas, F-69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France .

Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, Lyon, France

Corresponding Author: Freddie Bray, BSc, MSc, PhD, Section of Cancer Surveillance, International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150, cours Albert Thomas, F-69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France .

DISCLOSURES:

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Our Approach To Prostate Cancer

UCSF offers the latest diagnostic tools and treatments for prostate cancer. These range from close monitoring for low-risk cancers that don’t need immediate treatment to precisely targeted radiation therapy and robot-assisted surgery. Our mission is to not only control or cure the cancer but to ensure our patients enjoy the best possible quality of life during treatment and beyond.

Risk Factors For Cancers

Tobacco use, alcohol use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and air pollution are risk factors for cancer .

Some chronic infections are risk factors for cancer this is a particular issue in low- and middle-income countries. Approximately 13% of cancers diagnosed in 2018 globally were attributed to carcinogenic infections, including Helicobacter pylori, human papillomavirus , hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and Epstein-Barr virus .

Hepatitis B and C viruses and some types of HPV increase the risk for liver and cervical cancer, respectively. Infection with HIV substantially increases the risk of cancers such as cervical cancer.

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Prostate Cancer Incidence By Age

Prostate cancer incidence is strongly related to age, with the highest incidence rates being in older men. In the UK in 2016-2018, on average each year around a third of new cases were in males aged 75 and over.

Age-specific incidence rates rise steeply from around age 45-49, peak in the 75-79 age group before dropping slightly and remaining stable in the oldest age groups.The highest rates are in in the 75 to 79 age group.

Prostate cancer , Average Number of New Cases per Year and Age-Specific Incidence Rates per 100,000 Male Population, UK, 2016-2018

For prostate cancer, like most cancer types, incidence increases with age. This largely reflects cell DNA damage accumulating over time. Damage can result from biological processes or from exposure to risk factors. A drop or plateau in incidence in the oldest age groups often indicates reduced diagnostic activity perhaps due to general ill health.

The age distribution of prostate cancer cases probably partly reflects the age groups in which prostate specific antigen testing and transurethral resection of the prostate are carried out.

For More Information See Prostate Cancer On The Ncci Website

Prostate Cancer: Facts and Statistics [Infographic]

The National Cancer Control Indicators are a set of indicators across the continuum of cancer care, from Prevention and Screening through to Diagnosis, Treatment, Psychosocial care, Research and Outcomes. The NCCI website allows users to see visual representations of data on each indicator through interactive charts.

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Data Sources And Methods

The sources and methods used in compiling the GLOBOCAN estimates for 2020 are described online at the Global Cancer Observatory . The GCO website includes facilities for the tabulation and graphic visualization of the GLOBOCAN database for 185 countries and 36 cancers , by age and sex. The profile of cancer, globally and by world region, is built up using the best available sources of cancer incidence and mortality data within a given country. Therefore, the validity of the national estimates depends on the degree of representativeness and quality of the source information. The methods used to compile the 2020 estimates are largely based on those developed previously, with an emphasis on the use of short-term predictions and the use of modelled mortality-to-incidence ratios, where applicable. The estimates are available in the GCO for 36 cancer types, based on codes from International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10th Revision , including nonmelanoma skin cancer . Together with all cancers combined, cancer-specific estimates are provided for 185 countries or territories worldwide by sex and by 18 age groups .

Are You At Risk

In the UK, about 1 in 8 men will get prostate cancer in their lifetime.

Prostate cancer mainly affects men over 50, and your risk increases with age. The risk is even higher for black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer.

Find out more about your risk.

See and share our infographic on prostate cancer risk.

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What Is Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer can develop when cells in the prostate start to grow in an uncontrolled way.

Some prostate cancer grows too slowly to cause any problems or affect how long you live. Because of this, many men with prostate cancer will never need any treatment.

But some prostate cancer grows quickly and is more likely to spread. This is more likely to cause problems and needs treatment to stop it spreading.

Prostate Cancer Incidence By Uk Country

Prostate Cancer Statistics

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in males in the UK, accounting for 27% of all new cancer cases in males .In females and males combined, prostate cancer is the 2nd most common cancer in the UK, accounting for 14% of all new cancer cases .

Prostate cancer incidence rates rate ) for males are significantly higher than the UK average in England and Wales and significantly lower than the UK average in Scotland and Northern Ireland.

For prostate cancer, there are few established risk factors therefore differences between countries largely reflect differences in diagnosis and data recording.

Prostate Cancer , Average Number of New Cases Per Year, Crude and European Age-Standardised Incidence Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2016-2018

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Who Dies From This Cancer

Because we have screening for prostate cancer, most of the time it is caught before it spreads to other parts of the body. Men who have prostate cancer that is characterized as localized or regional are not as likely to die as men whose cancer is distant. In general prostate cancer has excellent survival rates, but death rates are higher in African American men, men who have advanced stage cancer, and men who are between the ages of 75 and 84. Prostate cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer death in the United States. The death rate was 19.0 per 100,000 men per year based on 20142018, age-adjusted.

Death Rate per 100,000 Persons by Race/Ethnicity: Prostate Cancer

Males

Findings On Prostate Cancer

There is strong evidence that:

  • being overweight or obese INCREASES the risk of advanced prostate cancer
  • being tall INCREASES the risk of prostate cancer
  • consuming beta-carotene is unlikely to have a substantial effect on the risk of prostate cancer

There is some evidence that:

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Screening For Prostate Cancer

There are no tests available with sufficient accuracy to screen populations of men for early signs of prostate cancer. However, early detection and treatment can significantly improve prostate cancer survival.

The test most commonly used to aid early detection of prostate cancer is the prostate specific antigen blood test. This is not a diagnostic test as it can only indicate changes in the prostate. If you are concerned about prostate cancer you should talk to your doctor and make an informed choice about whether to have one of the tests designed to find early signs of prostate cancer, in view of the potential risks and benefits.

There are no proven measures to prevent prostate cancer.

Cancer Data And Statistics

What You Need to Know About Prostate Cancer (w/Infographic ...

This video highlights the features of U.S. Cancer Statistics, the official federal cancer statistics.

In the United States in 2018, 1,708,921 new cancer cases were reported and 599,265 people died of cancer. For every 100,000 people, 436 new cancer cases were reported and 149 people died of cancer. 2018 is the latest year for which incidence data are available.

The United States Cancer Statistics are the official federal cancer statistics. They come from combined cancer registry data collected by CDCs National Program of Cancer Registries and the National Cancer Institutes Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program.external icon These data are used to understand cancer burden and trends, support cancer research, measure progress in cancer control and prevention efforts, target action on eliminating disparities, and improve cancer outcomes for all.

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Could Dietary Choices Lead To Prostrate Cancer

  • Research suggests high dietary fat may be a contributing factor for prostate cancer.
  • Prostate cancer occurs about 60% more often in African-American men than in white American men.
  • The majority of men with prostate cancer eventually pass away from heart disease, stroke, or other causes.
  • Japanese and African males living in their native countries have a low incidence of prostate cancer, but those rates automatically increase if they immigrate to the US.
  • 70% of men who have prostate cancer have bone metastasis.
  • There is a progressive decrease in the rates of prostate cancer when dietary consumption of rice increases.

Although diets that are high in saturated fats are thought to be a cause of prostate cancer because of the increased risks that are associated with population movements, studies have shown that the two main influences in the diet tend to be rice and protein consumption. Guys who consume higher levels of protein have an associated higher risk of developing prostate cancer. Guys who consume higher than average amounts of rice have a lower overall risk of developing this cancer. Environment, sun exposure, and other unique conditions might also apply to put developed countries more at risk of prostate cancer development. By understanding these statistics, prostate cancer isnt something that should be feared. Most men are going to survive it.

What Is The Prostate

The prostate is a gland. It is usually the size and shape of a walnut and grows bigger as you get older. It sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine out of the body. The prostate’s main job is to help make semen the fluid that carries sperm.

The most common prostate problems are an enlarged prostate, prostatitis and prostate cancer.

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Cancer Incidence And Mortality Patterns By The 4

Incidence rates increased with increasing HDI level, ranging from 104.3 and 128.0 per 100,000 in low HDI countries to 335.3 and 267.6 per 100,000 in very high HDI countries for men and women, respectively . Mortality rates are about 2-fold higher in higher HDI countries versus lower HDI countries in men, whereas little variation exists across HDI levels in women .

  • a Incidence excludes basal cell carcinoma, whereas mortality includes all types of nonmelanoma skin cancer.
  • Abbreviation: HDI, Human Development Index.

Figures and show cancer incidence and mortality ASRs in higher HDI versus lower HDI countries for men and women, respectively, in 2020. For incidence in men , lung cancer ranks first and prostate cancer ranks second in higher HDI countries, and vice versa for lower HDI countries . These cancers were followed by colorectal cancer in higher HDI countries, largely reflecting the substantial contribution by the United States, and lip and oral cavity cancer in lower HDI countries because of the high burden of the disease in India. In women , incidence rates for breast cancer far exceed those of other cancers in both transitioned and transitioning countries, followed by colorectal cancer in transitioned countries and cervical cancer in transitioning countries.

Figure 7

About The Canadian Cancer Statistics 2017

Prostate Cancer Statistics

Canadian Cancer Statistics is an annual series that began in 1987. This edition was developed by cancer surveillance experts on the Canadian Cancer Statistics Advisory Committee, who were brought together by the Canadian Cancer Society, the Public Health Agency of Canada and Statistics Canada. The publication is designed to help health professionals, policy-makers and researchers make decisions and identify priority areas.

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How The Research Was Conducted

The global scientific research on diet, nutrition, physical activity and the risk of prostate cancer was systematically gathered and analysed, and then independently assessed by a panel of leading international scientists in order to draw conclusions about which of these factors increase or decrease the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Does Location Affect Prostrate Cancer Development

  • The rates of prostate cancer in France and Martinique are nearly double that of any other country in the world.
  • About 68% of prostate cancer cases occurred in more developed countries.
  • 93%. Thats the percentage of prostate cancers that are found when it is confined to the prostate or nearby organs.
  • If prostate cancer is detected before it has spread, the 15 year survival rate is 94%.
  • For men diagnosed with prostate cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, the five-year survival rate drops to 28%.
  • Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among Hispanic men.
  • About 80% of men who reach the age of 80 have prostate cancer cells in their prostate.

The bad news for men is that there is a good chance they will have prostate cancer at some point in their lives. The good news is that with proper treatment and early detection, most men are going to be able to continue living a normal life. Although there are a number of risk factors, having black ethnicities and being of a senior age are the two biggest risks. For all other racial demographics, all risk factors increase at the age of 50 and continue increasing with every additional decade of life. What is unique about prostate cancer is that if it begins at an older age, it tends to be less aggressive. No matter what type of prostate cancer it happens to be, however, survival rates are continuing to rise. Research may even be close to a cure for certain types of it.

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