A Brief Look At The Prostate Gland
The urethra plays a crucial role in excretion and male sexual function. It carries urine from the bladder to the penis. It also conveys semen from the sex gland to the penis. The urethra passes through the center of the prostate and thus, inflammation of the prostate may affect urination and sexual function.
Can Prostatitis Come Back
Men who have had prostatitis once are more likely to get it again. Antibiotics may not get into the prostate gland well. Small amounts of bacteria might hide in the prostate and not be killed by the antibiotic. Once you stop taking the antibiotic, the infection can get bad again. If this happens, you might have to take antibiotics for a long time to prevent another infection. Prostatitis that is not caused by infection is often chronic. If you have this kind of prostatitis, you might have to take medicine for a long time.
Symptoms Of Urinary Problems
Urinary symptoms commonly experienced with prostate problems include:
- the need to urinate frequently during the night
- urinating more often during the day
- urinary urgency the urge to urinate can be so strong and sudden that you may not reach the toilet in time
- the urine stream is slow to start
- urine dribbling for some time after finishing urination
- a sensation that the bladder isn’t fully emptied after urination
- lack of force to the urine flow, which makes directing the stream difficult
- the sensation of needing to go again soon after urinating.
Although these symptoms often do not need treatment, see your doctor if they are causing you difficulty, as they can be successfully treated.
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Cause Of Urinary Problems As Men Age
Many men experience urinary symptoms as they age, which may be caused by inflammation of the prostate gland . In older men, symptoms may be due to a blockage in the tubes due to a benign enlargement of the prostate gland . The most common symptom is difficulty emptying your bladder. Urinary symptoms may become bothersome enough that they require treatment. Not all urinary symptoms are due to changes to the prostate. Also, some men have enlarged prostates and yet experience few, if any, symptoms.
Symptoms Of An Infected Prostate
The prostate is a small gland in men that lies immediately beneath the bladder. A bacterial infection within the prostate, a condition called bacterial prostatitis, can cause uncomfortable symptoms in men 45. A male patient who develops symptoms of an infected prostate should seek care from a doctor to prevent further medical complications.
If you are experiencing serious medical symptoms, seek emergency treatment immediately.
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Diagnosis Of Enlarged Prostate Gland And Urinary Problems
If you are troubled by urination problems, see a doctor no matter what your age. If your doctor agrees that your symptoms need further evaluation and treatment, you may need to undergo a few tests.These may include:
- general examination medical history and review of any health conditions including obesity, diabetes, obstructive sleep apnoea, depression and erectile dysfunction. A rectal examination may be done to check the size and shape of your prostate gland
- a urine check to ensure the prostate is not infected
- a flow-rate check to estimate the speed with which you pass urine
- an ultrasound examination to assess if the bladder is emptying completely and to examine your kidneys
- urodynamics a series of tests on the bladder to see how your urinary system is functioning may be recommended in some circumstances.
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Can Complementary Therapies Help
Many men find complementary therapies help them deal with their symptoms and the day-to-day impact of their prostatitis, helping them feel more in control. Some men find they feel more relaxed and better about themselves and their treatment.
Complementary therapies are usually used alongside medical treatments, rather than instead of them. Some complementary therapies have side effects and some may interfere with your prostatitis treatment. So tell your doctor or nurse about any complementary therapies youre using or thinking of trying.
You should also tell your complementary therapist about your prostatitis and any treatments youre having, as this can affect what therapies are safe and suitable for you.
Some GPs and hospitals offer complementary therapies. But if you want to find a therapist yourself, make sure they are properly qualified and belong to a professional body. The Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council have advice about finding a therapist.
The following are examples of complementary therapies that some men use.
Be very careful when buying herbal remedies over the internet. Many are made outside the UK and may not be high-quality. Many companies make claims that arent based on proper research. There may be no real evidence that their products work, and some may even be harmful. Remember that even if a product is natural, this doesnt mean it is safe. For more information about using herbal remedies safely visit the MHRA website.
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Prostate Gland Infection Symptoms
By | Submitted On April 06, 2016
If you want to know how to recognize prostate infection symptoms, you should find the following information helpful. Symptoms may be nonexistent, or they may appear suddenly. Normally, problem areas include difficulties with urination or genital pain. Other infections can bring on the same symptoms, so you’ll need to visit your doctor. Once you understand more about prostate infection symptoms, you will know when to seek medical care and when there’s no need for concern.
You might be surprised to know that prostate infections sometimes cause no symptoms at all. Or, in other cases, severe symptoms may suddenly appear. Obviously there is little you can do if you have no symptoms. When they do begin to appear, they can quickly become difficult to bear. So you need to act quickly when you start to experience discomfort. Let’s look at some of the symptoms you might face.
Prostate infection symptoms normally focus on the genital area. Given the location and function of the prostate gland, this makes a lot of sense. The most common problem experienced when you have a prostate infection is difficulty and pain urinating. Considering how many times you normally urinate during the day, this could become excruciating. Other symptoms include genital pain and problems ejaculating. Depending on the severity of the infection, you could experience overall fever also.
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Key Symptoms Of Prostate Infection
The prostate is an important masculine gland, about the size of a walnut situated before the rectum and below the bladder. This gland is responsible for producing semen which carries the sperm to an ovum. Several factors can cause the prostate to become inflamed and tender. This usually occurs in men over 30 and the condition is known as prostatitis. Sadly, the risk of prostatitis becomes higher with age. 85% of men develop a prostate infection before age 60 and this figure is even higher in the United States. Prostate cancer is a different condition that causes remarkable death among the sufferers. To properly understand prostate infection symptoms, you need to know whether the prostate infection is prostatitis or BPH.
At What Age Can Men Develop Prostatitis
Prostatitis develops in men of all ages , which is different from prostate enlargement or prostate cancer that is common in older men.It is also worth noting that research has identified prostatitis as possibly increasing a mans risk of prostate cancer .
Moreover, men aged 30 to 50 years have an increased risk of prostatitis however, the full mechanism of this risk remains unclear.
Sexual activity can predispose one to prostatitis, suggesting that it may be a factor in the high risk of prostate infection associated with sexually active 30 to 50 age group. Infertility and low-quality sperm count can also develop from prostatitis .
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What Is The Prostate
The prostate is a walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The main function of the prostate is to make a fluid that goes into semen. Prostate fluid is essential for a mans fertility. The gland surrounds the urethra at the neck of the bladder. The bladder neck is the area where the urethra joins the bladder. The bladder and urethra are parts of the lower urinary tract. The prostate has two or more lobes, or sections, enclosed by an outer layer of tissue, and it is in front of the rectum, just below the bladder. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. In men, the urethra also carries semen out through the penis.
Is It Prostatitis Or Bph
The prostate is part of the male reproductive system. The main job of this walnut-shaped gland is to add fluid to semen. The prostate is just below the urinary bladder, and it surrounds the most upstream portion of the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the opening at the end of the penis.
Prostatitis refers to inflammation of the prostate. It can be caused by a traumatic injury to the prostate or by bacteria that got into the prostate from urine or during sex.
Prostatitis can be acute or chronic. Acute prostatitis tends to start quickly. Chronic prostatitis tends to last or come and go over a longer period of time.
An inflamed prostate without any symptoms is called asymptomatic prostatitis. This condition is often discovered when diagnosing something else.
BPH causes a person to have an enlarged prostate. This condition becomes more common as men age. As the prostate enlarges, it squeezes and blocks the urethra, making it hard to empty the bladder completely.
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How Are Bacterial Forms Of Prostatitis Managed Or Treated
Antibiotics can kill bacteria that cause bacterial types of prostatitis. Men with acute bacterial prostatitis may need 14 to 30 days of antibiotics, starting with IV antibiotics in the hospital. Rarely, men need surgery to drain an abscess on the prostate.
Treating chronic bacterial prostatitis is challenging. You may need up to three months of antibiotics to sterilize the prostate. If the prostate cant be sterilized, low-dose antibiotics can be used long term to prevent recurrences. Some men need surgery to remove prostate stones or scar tissue in the urethra. Rarely, surgeons remove part or all of the prostate gland .
Eating Diet And Nutrition
Researchers have not found that eating, diet, and nutrition play a role in causing or preventing prostatitis. During treatment of bacterial prostatitis, urologists may recommend increasing intake of liquids and avoiding or reducing intake of substances that irritate the bladder. Men should talk with a health care provider or dietitian about what diet is right for them.
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What Are The Types Of Prostatitis
Types of prostatitis include:
- Acute bacterial prostatitis : A UTI causes an infection in the prostate gland. Symptoms include fever and chills. You may experience painful and frequent urination or have trouble urinating. Acute bacterial prostatitis requires immediate medical treatment.
- Chronic bacterial prostatitis : Bacteria become trapped in the prostate gland, causing recurrent UTIs that are difficult to treat.
- Chronic pelvic pain syndrome, or CPPS : CPPS is the most common prostatitis type. Prostate gland inflammation occurs in approximately 1 out of 3 men. As the name implies, this type causes chronic pain in the pelvis, perineum and genitals.
- Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis : This condition causes prostate gland inflammation but no symptoms. You may learn you have this condition after getting tests to find the cause of other problems. For example, a semen analysis for infertility may detect asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis. This type doesnt need treatment.
What Natural Remedies Relieve Pain Symptoms And Treat Prostatitis
Natural anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial agents have proven useful in the treatment of prostatitis.
Natural antioxidants help reduce inflammation and pain in patients with non-bacterial prostatitis.
Examples: Flavonoid-rich foods like vegetables and tea can reduce the symptoms of prostatitis. Quercetin, an antioxidant flavonoid found in these foods has shown efficacy in reducing inflammation and pain caused by prostatitis .
A double-blind study demonstrated reduced pelvic floor pain using quercetin . Quercetin is well tolerated and is safe for the management of prostatitis .
Other studies have demonstrated the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects of bee pollen. Barbara and colleagues investigated the microbiological activity and chemical composition of bee pollen.
Bee pollen showed both nutritional and anti-microbial benefits in men with prostate inflammation .
Cases where antibiotics are ineffective, benefit from bee pollen through better pain management .
Other options include acupuncture and biofeedback. When applied by a specialist, these can allow men to control pain response and muscle relaxation.
Inadequate fluid intake and fatty foods promote prostatitis. Thus, a healthy diet and adequate fluid can help clear the bladder. Improved urinal clearance reduces the risk of prostate inflammation through reduced infection.
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Medication For Urinary Problems
Your doctor may suggest various medications to help ease your urinary problems, including:
- medications to reduce the tone of the muscles of the urethra and prostate to minimise any constriction to urine flow caused when these muscles contract
- medication to reduce the size of the prostate gland. These medications work by blocking the action of male hormones produced by the prostate gland
- medications to relax the bladder, making unwanted contractions less likely and reducing the symptoms of urgency and frequency of urination
- the over-the-counter preparation saw palmetto is sometimes used. This may help some men, especially if frequent urination at night is a problem.
However, recent reviews of the evidence for using saw palmetto as a treatment for mild or moderate urinary symptoms did not show any improvement, compared to no treatment, in men with BPH.
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When To Get Medical Advice
See a GP if you have symptoms of prostatitis, such as pelvic pain, difficulty or pain when peeing, or painful ejaculation.
Theyâll ask about the problems youâre having and examine your tummy.
You may also have a rectal examination. This is where a doctor inserts a gloved finger into your bottom to feel for anything unusual. You may have some discomfort during this examination if your prostate is swollen or tender.
Your urine will usually be tested for signs of infection, and you may be referred to a specialist for further tests to rule out other conditions.
See a GP straight away if you get sudden and severe symptoms of prostatitis.
You may have acute prostatitis, which needs to be assessed and treated quickly because it can cause serious problems, such as suddenly being unable to pee.
If you have persistent symptoms , you may be referred to a doctor who specialises in urinary problems .
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What Are The Treatment Options For Prostatitis
Some patients need high doses of antibiotics or do not respond at all . In non-bacterial chronic prostatitis, the most common type, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, alpha-blockers, and alternative remedies help relieve symptoms. The studies testing alternative treatments have reported promising results for these patients.
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis And Prostate Infection Symptoms
The presence of bacteria in the prostate gland causes acute bacterial prostatitis. This condition could be very severe and may result in intense pain and discomfort. The prostate infection symptoms associated with this condition include the following:
- Muscle aches
- Pain behind the scrotum and below the penis.
- Pain in the lower back and in the joints.
- Trouble with urination due to associated pains and burning.
- Weak flow of urine stream.
- Vomiting and nausea.
- Discharge of thick yellowish substance from the penis.
- Pain and discomfort during orgasms.
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When To Seek Medical Care For Prostate Infections
Contact a doctor for any of the following symptoms. These symptoms are even more significant if accompanied with high fever and chills:
- Urinary burning or pain
- Difficulty or pain when starting urination
- Pain in the genital area
- Pain with ejaculation
Doctors usually diagnose and treat prostate infections on an outpatient basis. If a person develops high fever with chills or a new onset of difficulty in urinating, seek medical care immediately or go to a hospitals emergency department because the infection may be spreading to other areas of the body.
What Is The Treatment For Acute Prostatitis
- Antibiotics. A four-week course is needed. Antibiotics are generally started before the confirmatory urine test results are back. The first antibiotic may be changed after the result of the urine test is back. The urine test finds exactly which germ is causing the infection and the best antibiotic to treat it. Four weeks of antibiotics are thought to be necessary to reduce the chance that you develop persistent prostatitis. If you are very unwell, you may need to go into hospital to have the antibiotics given through a vein..
- Paracetamol or ibuprofen ease pain and high temperature . They are best taken regularly rather than now and then. Stronger painkillers are sometimes needed.
- Laxatives can keep your stools soft, if needed. They may help to ease pain if you have hard stools in your back passage , pressing on your infected prostate.
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