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Prostate Function In Human Body

How To Find The Prostate And What Its Function On The Human Body

#23318 Estrogen reduces smooth muscle contractility in the human prostate gland

In how to find the prostate, we see that, usually, the prostate is an organ in a human body. To know the meaning of prostate is nothing but to acquire in-depth anatomical knowledge on health and the health science both. In general, it is a gland of walnut-size remains between the bladder and the penis of a male human body that helps the urine flow downward or out of the body.

What is a Prostate function? Then it is the generator of sperm that is turned into semen afterward while ejaculation functioning does happen at biological reproductive activity done. It is an action that occurs in the presence of urethra. This gland also helps to flow the fluids of the semen ahead with zeal and simultaneously.

The Prostate Gland Is Fueled By Testosterone

The prostate gland is dependent on testosterone for it to function.

Testosterone is produced in a mans testes. Testosterone helps maintain sperm production, sex drive, and many more. Also, researchers have found a connection between high levels of testosterone and prostate cancer. However, it is important to keep the prostate healthy to enjoy pleasant sex life.

What Are Some Reasons For Prostate Problems

It is believed that many prostate related health problems result from anxiety, stress, inactivity . The human body was not designed to sit for extended periods of time. This is one of the reasons why men who work in an office setting often report the most issues with their prostates.

When a man sits for prolonged periods of time, the prostate and the muscles surrounding it become weakened because there is not as much blood circulating in the area. Vital nutrients are not able to reach the prostate, and over time, its function becomes impaired.

Prostate problems are commonly seen in men who are 50 years of age and older. However, for those who have a family history of prostate related problems or have a sedentary lifestyle may notice problems as early as their 30s or 40s.

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What Is The Prostate

The prostate is a part of the male reproductive system, which includes the penis, prostate, seminal vesicles, and testicles. The prostate is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It is about the size of a walnut and surrounds the urethra . It produces fluid that makes up a part of semen.

As a man ages, the prostate tends to increase in size. This can cause the urethra to narrow and decrease urine flow. This is called benign prostatic hyperplasia, and it is not the same as prostate cancer. Men may also have other prostate changes that are not cancer.external icon

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When To Contact A Medical Professional

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  • Less urine than usual
  • Back, side, or abdominal pain
  • Blood or pus in your urine

Also call if:

  • Your bladder does not feel completely empty after you urinate.
  • You take medicines that may cause urinary problems, such as diuretics, antihistamines, antidepressants, or sedatives. DO NOT stop or change your medicines without talking to your provider.
  • You have tried self-care steps for 2 months and symptoms have not improved.

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Where Is The Prostate And What Does It Look Like

The prostate is situated between the bladder and penis, just in front of the rectum . It is above the muscles of the pelvic floor.

The urethra, a narrow tube that carries urine and semen out of the body through the penis, runs through the center of the prostate, which weighs less than 1 ounce .

The word “prostate” comes from the Greek word “prostates,” which means “one who stands before,” aptly describing the position of the gland. That is, when viewed from below, the prostate “stands before” the bladder.

Because the rectum is behind the prostate, it is possible to feel the prostate with a finger when inserted through the rectum. The prostate feels elastic because it’s surrounded by a supportive tissue called the stroma, which is made of flexible smooth muscle fibers and connective tissue .

The muscle cells contract during ejaculation, forcing fluid stored in the prostate into the urethra.

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The Prostate Secretes Enzymes That Help Activate Sperm

Sperm have a long journey from where they originate in the testes to the outside world and, potentially, a uterine tube in the female body where they might fertilize an egg.

The cells that result from meiosis in the testes are called spermatids. Spermatids mature into non-motile spermatozoa when they are released into the seminiferous tubules.

The process of spermatogenesis. Video from the Visible Body Learn Site.

Sperm are carried to the epididymis by testicular fluid. There, they mature further and become motile before traveling up the vas deferens, to the ejaculatory ducts , and out through the urethra during ejaculation.

The pathway of sperm, from the epididymis to the prostatic urethra. Image from Human Anatomy Atlas.

Even after theyve matured in the epididymis, sperm need seminal fluid to stay alive outside the body. The accessory glands of the male reproductive systemthe seminal vesicles, the prostate, and the bulbourethral glandssecrete the substances that make up this fluid, or semen, each making their contribution before ejaculation.

As an accessory gland, the prostates role is to secrete a combination of enzymes that activate the sperm and help them movethat is, increase their motility.

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Who Might Get An Enlarged Prostate

BPH is common and cannot be prevented. Age and a family history of BPH are two things that increase the chances you might get it. A few stats on that:

  • Some 8 out of every 10 men eventually develop an enlarged prostate.
  • About 90% of men over the age of 85 will have BPH.
  • About 30% of men will find their symptoms bothersome.

What Is Your Prostate And What Does It Do

Prostate gland is present | 12 | HUMAN REPRODUCTION | BIOLOGY | A2Z | Doubtnut

Your prostate is a small gland that lives inside your body, just below your bladder. It sits around the urethra, which is the tube that carries pee from your bladder through your penis. Only men have a prostate.

Your prostate produces some of the fluids contained in your semen, the liquid that transports sperm. This liquid contains special enzymes and hormones that help your sperm cells function properly, which means the prostate plays a key part in your fertility. The muscles in your prostate also help push semen through your urethra when you ejaculate.

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What Is The Function Of The Prostate Gland In The Human Body

How to find the prostate says it is a male reproductive organ that helps to secret liquid, which is the main semen component. And, it also accelerates propelling seminal discretion while making union or sex in a climax.

The healthy prostate makes a healthy sex life and ultimately creates a man happy and a woman happy too, for it is a marital action. So, ejaculation at the right time controls many things that cannot be expressed in short.

What function does the prostate gland have? And even, Sex life controls our mental, physical and psychological health and overall well and woe of social, moral, personal impersonal life and whatever it is.

Another fact is that prostate begets fertility to a mans worth and reproduction, which is the function by a male definitely.

So, the function of a prostate gland is precious and more important matter is that how we would get a healthy and disease less prostate organ finally.

What Men And Women 35 And Older Must Know About Fertility Infertility And Getting Pregnant

The prostatic fluid mixes with sperm and fluid from the seminal vesicles which makes up the majority of semen and contains various other components, including the fructose that provides the main energy source for sperm outside of the body inside of the urethra.

Changes in the composition or secretion of the prostatic fluid affects the health and function of sperm, impacting male fertility. These changes may arise due to various health issues with the prostate.

BPH and sexual function

Prostate enlargement, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia , and erectile dysfunction are separate problems. Both increase with age, but one causes problems in the bathroom and the other in the bedroom. However, the two are somewhat linked.

BPH happens when your prostate becomes enlarged, but cancer isnt the cause. A mans prostate continues growing throughout most of his adult life. This is why many older men are affected by the condition.

ED is the inability to get or maintain an erection. It can be caused by physical conditions such as:

It can also be caused by psychological issues.

These two conditions dont necessarily seem linked, but certain treatments that relieve BPH can cause ED and other sexual side effects. On the other hand, treating ED can improve enlarged prostate symptoms.

  • inability to empty the bladder
  • a weak urine stream

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Identifying Potential Prostate Problems

  • 1Watch for urination-related symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Many men, especially age 50 and older, experience an enlarged prostate . In most cases, its not caused by cancer, and many men have no symptoms. If you do experience symptoms like the following, however, contact your primary care doctor:XResearch source
  • Weak flow during urination.
  • Pain or burning during urination.
  • Painful ejaculation.
  • Frequent pain or stiffness in your lower back, hips, pelvic or rectal area, or upper thighs.
  • 3Undergo testing and treatment in consultation with your medical team. If youre having prostate problems, and especially if you have possible symptoms of prostate cancer, your primary care doctor or urologist will likely conduct a digital rectal exam , a PSA blood test, or both. From there, they may recommend ultrasounds, CT scans, and/or prostate biopsies to achieve a diagnosis. While you should be an active participant in making your healthcare decisions, do not take expert medical advice lightly.XTrustworthy SourceAmerican Cancer SocietyNonprofit devoted to promoting cancer research, education, and supportGo to source
  • Some studies indicate that the DRE isnt a perfect test for prostate cancer since it can be difficult to reach the front side of the prostate, but many experts argue it is still a valuable test.XResearch source
  • What Does My Prostate Do

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    It is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It’s supposed to be about the shape and size of a walnut.

    It rests below your bladder and in front of your rectum. It surrounds part of the urethra, the tube in your penis that carries pee from your bladder.

    The prostate helps make some of the fluid in semen, which carries sperm from your testicles when you ejaculate.

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    What Are The Symptoms Of Prostate Problems

    Acute prostatitis caused by bacteria may only cause symptoms typical of infections, such as fever, chills, fatigue and muscle pain. There may also be pain or difficulty urinating.

    Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome is characterized by a group of symptoms including frequent urge to urinate, burning and pain during urination, inability to empty the bladder, pain or difficulty ejaculating, and pain in the pelvis, lower back or perineum . Some men report a feeling of fullness in the rectum, and blood may appear in the semen. Some forms of prostatitis can cause spasming of the pelvic-floor muscles. Although not an observable symptom to the patient, prostatitis can increase blood levels of prostate-specific antigen .

    The hallmark of BPH is a cluster of symptoms known by the acronym LUTS . They include a weak, interrupted urine stream, more frequent urination , frequent urge to urinate, leaking or dribbling, and the feeling that you cant quite empty the bladder. Over time, those symptoms may escalate to the point that the bladder can no longer push urine past the obstructing prostate, causing whats known as acute urinary retention. An inability to urinate at all is not just painful but a true medical emergency because it can damage the kidneys. BPH also can raise PSA levels above the normal range.

    How Can I Prevent A Prostate Problem

    Since the causes of most prostate problems are unknown, you should think in terms of lowering risk rather than preventing problems. Certain lifestyle considerations have been associated with lower risk of enlarged prostate and prostate cancer. These include maintaining a healthy body mass, exercising, and eating a Mediterranean-style diet.

    The most often used screening method to detect prostate cancer is the PSA test. However, many conditions besides cancer might cause an elevated PSA score, so PSA tests often produce false-positive results. The current recommendation is to consider the pros and cons of screening and discuss it with your doctor if you still have questions. PSA screening can lead to excessive unnecessary biopsies and potential overtreatment.

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    The Prostate Boosts Your Sexual Capability

    Prostate gland secretions comprise a large portion of seminal fluid and proper function of the gland is crucial to sexual capability in men.

    The prostate contributes around 20-30% to the total seminal volume. The prostatic fluid contains substances that allow the sperm cells to live. One of these substances is the PSA, which makes the semen more fluid. This prostate role ensures that the sperm cells survive until it encounters an ovary to form an egg-cell.

    Location Of The Prostate Gland

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    The prostate gland is about the size of a walnut. The prostate gland surrounds the neck of a mans bladder and urethra the tube that carries urine from the bladder. It is partly muscular and partly glandular, with ducts opening into the prostatic portion of the urethra.

    It is made up of three lobes: a center lobe with one lobe on each side.

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    What Does The Prostate Do

    The prostate is not essential for life, but it is important for reproduction. Healthy semen is the perfect consistency and environment for sperm transit and survival, and for fertilization. Semen includes enzymes like PSA , as well as other substances made by the seminal vesicles and prostate, such as zinc, citrate, and fructose . Semen also contains substances that may protect the urinary tract and sperm from bacteria and other pathogens.

    The prostate typically grows during adolescence, under the control of the male hormone testosterone and its byproduct dihydrotestosterone . Testosterone is primarily made in the testes, but a smaller amount it is also made in the adrenal glands above the kidneys.

    Prostate Massage Therapy And Why It May Be Helpful

    Prostate massage therapy , in which the prostate is stimulated through the rectum, was once a popular treatment for prostatitis.

    The procedure is similar to a digital rectal exam, except rather than briefly looking for abnormalities on the prostate, the person performing the prostatic message rubs the prostate with light to moderate pressure until it secretes fluid through the urethra .

    It was once thought that people could relieve symptoms related to prostatic congestion by expelling inflammatory cells and fluid from the obstructed glands. But this therapy largely fell out of favor in the 1960s, once antibiotics became available.

    A study published in the journal Neurology tested whether prostate massage could be used as an adjunct treatment for people with chronic prostatitis, but the researchers found that the treatment did not significantly help patients.

    In some cases, doctors have used prostate massage therapy to obtain sperm from men with spinal cord injuries, leading to successful pregnancies. But electroejaculation stimulating the prostate using an electric current delivered through a probe inserted into the rectum typically yields more sperm, noted an article published in the journal Nature Reviews Urology.

    Using prostate massage to achieve ejaculation is sometimes called prostate milking. Both prostate massage and prostate milking can also be sexual techniques to stimulate pleasure.

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    What Does The Prostate Gland Do And Why Is It Important

    The prostate is responsible for producing prostatic fluid, which is full of enzymes, proteins, and minerals that are vital for the proper functioning of sperm.

    During climax, smooth muscle fibers of the stroma contract, forcing the prostatic fluid through the ejaculatory ducts and into the urethra.

    In the urethra, the prostatic fluid mixes with fluid from the seminal vesicle, sperm from the testes, and secretions from the bulbourethral gland, a pea-sized gland below the prostate.

    In all, prostatic fluid makes up 20 to 30 percent of semen .

    Aside from producing prostatic fluid, the prostate is responsible for closing up the urethra during ejaculation so that semen doesn’t enter the bladder. During urination, the muscles of the central zone close the prostate’s seminal ducts so that urine cannot enter the prostate.

    What Is Prostate Cancer

    The Prostate Gland

    This diagram shows the location of the prostate, in front of the rectum and just below the bladder.

    This diagram shows the location of the prostate, in front of the rectum and just below the bladder.

    Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Not including skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.

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