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Things To Do To Prevent Prostate Cancer

Ways To Stay On Top Of Prostate Health

How You Can Prevent Prostate Cancer

The nut-sized gland called the prostate lies between the base of your penis and your bladder. This small gland has a mighty job: It must produce the seminal fluid that carries your sperm into a partner and allows you to ejaculate.

When your prostate isnt healthy, you dont feel well, either. Although the most common condition that affects your prostate is benign prostatic hyperplasia , the most deadly is prostate cancer, which kills more than 34,000 men in the United States each year.

Because the prostate sits so near the bladder, if it gets too large it can interfere with your ability to urinate. Although BPH doesnt cause cancer, both BPH and prostate cancer have similar symptoms, including urinary incontinence, dribbling, and failure to void urine.

Prostate cancer is rare. However, BPH is common, with its risk increasing as you age.

Our physicians at Men’s T Clinic® are specialists in mens health. Thats why we encourage you to adopt the following five prostate-healthy lifestyle habits, no matter how old you are. And fortunately, prostate-healthy habits increase your overall health, too.

How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed

Screenings are the most effective way to catch prostate cancer early. If you are at average cancer risk, youll probably have your first prostate screening at age 55. Your healthcare provider may start testing earlier if you have a family history of the disease or are Black. Screening is generally stopped after age 70, but may be continued in certain circumstances.

Screening tests for prostate cancer include:

  • Digital rectal exam: Your provider inserts a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feels the prostate gland, which sits in front of the rectum. Bumps or hard areas could indicate cancer.
  • Prostate-specific antigen blood test: The prostate gland makes a protein called protein-specific antigen . Elevated PSA levels may indicate cancer. Levels also rise if you have BPH or prostatitis.
  • Biopsy: A needle biopsy to sample tissue for cancer cells is the only sure way to diagnose prostate cancer. During an MRI-guided prostate biopsy, magnetic resonance imaging technology provides detailed images of the prostate.

Limit Charred Red Meat

When it comes to what to avoid in your diet, charred meat is a big no-no if youre looking to reduce your prostate cancer risk. Charred meat releases a carcinogen that can lead to some types of prostatic inflammation that may lead to prostate cancer, explains Ashley Ross, M.D., a urologist at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago. Gotta have occasional grilled meat? The National Cancer Institute recommends either pre-microwaving your meat so it spends less time over the flames, or continuously flipping it to prevent charring.

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Tips For Preventing Prostate Cancer

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Prostate cancer is second most common cancer of ageing male population worldwide. The occurrence of prostate cancer varies more than 100 fold in different countries and ethnic groups. Its occurrence and fatality are highest in African-Americans while lowest in Asians.

Old age, repeated prostatic infections, obesity and smoking habits heightens the risk of cancer prostate. Positive family history also increases the risk.

Labelled as the best cancer hospital in India, we at Max Healthcare provide effective cancer treatment in the country. We are equipped with the latest technology, a team of excellent doctors and care staff.

Prostate cancer, like other cancers, can be cured if diagnosed early. Radiation, surgery, and chemotherapy are the treatments available for prostate cancer. Although there are no absolute preventive methods for prostate cancer, diet and lifestyle choices do play a role. Taking precautionary measures at all times is better than cure, and one must actively try to improve their lifestyle choices for a healthier tomorrow.

Heres how you can prevent Prostate Cancer

Lycopene– Lycopene is a red-orange carotenoid found in tomatoes, tomato products, red fruits and vegetables. It possesses strong anti-oxidant property. Laboratory studies have shown that it inhibits the growth of prostatic cells.

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Prevention of Prostate Cancer

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The best way to cite this PDQ summary is:

PDQ® Screening and Prevention Editorial Board. PDQ Prostate Cancer Prevention. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute. Updated < MM/DD/YYYY> . Available at: . Accessed < MM/DD/YYYY> .

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Things You Can Do Now To Avoid Prostate Cancer

By | Submitted On September 17, 2006

When you look at the list of risk factors for prostate cancer, unfortunately there are quite a few that you just can’t avoid. For example, you can’t change how old you are, and it’s well known that the risk of prostate cancer increases substantially after the age of fifty. In addition, if other men in your family have developed prostate cancer, you’re at a much higher risk of developing it yourself. You can’t change certain things about yourself or your life, but there are still some things you can do to reduce your risk of developing prostate cancer. So let’s take a look at what you can do.

Annual Checkup

Having an annual checkup isn’t going to stop you developing prostate cancer. But what it can do is help your doctor detect it early enough to treat it successfully. If the cancer is detected early enough, it can even be cured. If you’re not getting checked annually, it’s possible for the cancer to spread to the point where nothing can be done in the way of successful treatment. So it’s important to get checked by your doctor every year, and if you’re in a high-risk category, such as over fifty, you should also get the relevant blood tests done annually too. You may even want to get checked more frequently if you’re very high risk.

Watch What You Eat

Get Some Exercise

For more important information regarding prostate cancer treatements and prostate cancer symptoms visit the online prostate health guide located at

Questions And Answers About Green Tea

  • What is green tea?

    Tea comes from the Camellia sinensis plant. The way tea leaves are processed determines whether green tea, black tea, or oolong tea is made. Green tea leaves are steamed and dried.

    The health benefits studied in green tea are thought to be from compounds called polyphenols. Polyphenols are a group of plant chemicals that include catechins . Catechins make up most of the polyphenols in green tea.

    Catechins in green tea can vary widely, depending on the source of the tea leaves and the way they are processed. This makes it hard to identify most of the chemical factors linked to the health benefits of green tea.

    Some studies suggest that green tea may protect against heart and blood vessel disease.

  • How is green tea given or taken?

    People usually drink green tea or take it as a dietary supplement.

  • Have any laboratory or animal studies been done using green tea?

    See the Laboratory/Animal/Preclinical Studies section of the health professional version of Prostate Cancer, Nutrition, and Dietary Supplements for information on laboratory and animal studies done using green tea.

  • Overall, population studies suggest that green tea may help protect against prostate cancer in Asian populations. Prostate cancer deaths in Asia are among the lowest in the world.
  • Clinical trials

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    What Is The Prognosis For People Who Have Prostate Cancer

    Because prostate cancer tends to grow slowly, most men die from something other than the disease. Early detection is key to better outcomes. Almost all men 97% to 98% diagnosed with localized cancer that hasnt spread outside of the prostate live at least five years after diagnosis. When metastatic cancer has spread outside of the gland, one-third of men continue to survive after five years.

    How Much Physical Activity Should I Do

    How to Prevent Prostate Cancer | Ask a Prostate Expert, Mark Scholz, MD

    Regular physical activity is good for your general health. People who keep active are more likely to be a healthy weight and less likely to develop health problems such as heart disease, type-2 diabetes and some cancers.

    We dont yet know whether physical activity can help prevent prostate cancer, but some studies suggest it may help to lower your risk, particularly of aggressive prostate cancers. Vigorous exercise may be better than light exercise, but any exercise is better than none at all.

    • Aim to do at least 150 minutes of moderate exercise every week, such as brisk walking, cycling or pushing a lawnmower. This doesn’t have to be all in one go.
    • You could start gently for short periods of time, such as 10 to 15 minutes, and slowly increase this to 30 minutes five times a week.
    • Find a sport or activity you enjoy or do lots of different ones so you dont get bored.
    • You might find it more fun to exercise with other people. Ask a friend to come with you, or join a sports team or running group.
    • If you often drive or take the bus for short journeys, try taking a brisk walk instead.
    • Try to spend less time sitting down. You could move about while you watch TV, or choose more active video games. And don’t forget to stand up regularly if you sit down to work.
    • You might find it helpful to write down everything you do in an activity dairy so you can see how well you’re doing.

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    Eat Less Meat And Dairy

    Studies have shown that men who eat foods high in animal fat, such as dairy and red meat, were more likely to develop prostate cancer. Its important to note that these studies do not show that fattening foods actually cause prostate cancer rather, they show there is a correlation between prostate cancer and consuming things like cheese or bacon. Nonetheless, oncologist Dr. David Wise of the Perlmutter Cancer Center at NYU Langone advises patients to err on the side of caution and get most of their fat from avocados and nuts over animal products.

    Catching The Condition Early

  • 1Know your risk factors. The main risk factor is getting older, as men over 40 are at risk for this condition. However, genetics also play a part, so if other people in your family have been affected by this condition, you may be, too.XTrustworthy SourceMayo ClinicEducational website from one of the world’s leading hospitalsGo to source
  • Diabetes, heart disease, obesity, and erectile dysfunction can also put you at risk for this condition.XTrustworthy SourceFamilyDoctor.orgFamily-focused medical advice site run by the American Academy of Family DoctorsGo to source
  • 2Discuss having prostate exams. No one likes having prostate exams, but having them regularly will help your doctor notice any changes with your prostate. Ask your doctor about the best schedule for your exams typically, they happen once a year or every 2 years.XTrustworthy SourceNational Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney DiseasesHealth information from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, a division of the U.S. National Institutes of HealthGo to source
  • Prostate exams include a rectal exam, where your doctor will insert a gloved finger up your rectum to check the physical state of your prostate. While this exam may cause a bit of discomfort, it’s generally not painful.
  • By getting exams, you’ll be able to catch prostate growth early and begin treatment as soon as possible.
  • You may also experience pain after ejaculation.
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    Prevent Prostate Cancer With Lifestyle Changes

    When it comes to prostate cancer, there are some risk factors men can control and others they cant. Among the uncontrollable prostate cancer risk factors are age , ethnicity and genetics or a family history . As for prostate cancer risk factors men can control, these include diet and other lifestyle components. Urologist Michael Zaragoza, MD, shares the following in terms of what men can do with regard to controllable factors to help prevent prostate cancer.

  • Avoid diets high in saturated fat and low in fiber. A diet high in saturated fat and trans fatty acids and low in fiber increases risk of prostate cancer. Therefore, read food labels and stay away from saturated fats and trans fatty acids and replace these bad fats with the good omega-3 fatty acids found in nuts, seeds and fish.

    To help prevent prostate cancer, men should also increase the amount of fiber in their diet and take a fiber supplement if needed. Some examples of high-fiber foods are whole wheat, apples, bananas, beans, and broccoli. In addition to fiber, broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables contain a compound called sulforaphane, which has been shown in some research studies to reduce risk of prostate cancer.

  • Avoid charred meat. Research suggests that charred meat may have an overall carcinogenic effect. Thats because when meat is grilled it produces chemicals that have been linked to an increased risk of cancer. Therefore, its best to avoid grilling meat and use other cooking methods instead.

  • Maintain Weight In A Healthy Range

    Prostate Cancer Prevention: 12 Ways to Protect Your ...

    Being overweight or obese increases your risk of cardiovascular diseases and many other health conditions including prostate cancer. A growing body of evidence confirms that obese or overweight men are at a higher risk of developing this disease than men who are within a healthy weight range. Therefore, a great way to decrease prostate cancer risk is to maintain a healthy weight or try to slim down if youre overweight/obese.

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    What Are Prostate Cancer Treatment Side Effects

    Some prostate cancer treatments can affect the bladder, erectile nerves and sphincter muscle, which controls urination. Potential problems include:

    • Incontinence: Some men experience urinary incontinence. You may leak urine when you cough or laugh, or you may feel an urgent need to use the bathroom even when your bladder isnt full. This problem can improve over the first six to 12 months without treatment.
    • Erectile dysfunction : Surgery, radiation and other treatments can damage the erectile nerves and affect your ability to get or maintain an erection. Some men regain erectile function within a year or two . In the meantime, medications like sildenafil or tadalafil can help by increasing blood flow to the penis.
    • Infertility: Treatments can affect your ability to produce or ejaculate sperm, resulting in male infertility. If you think you might want children in the future, you can preserve sperm in a sperm bank before you start treatments. After treatments, you may undergo sperm extraction. This procedure involves removing sperm directly from testicular tissue and implanting it into a womans uterus.

    What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider

    If you have prostate cancer, you may want to ask your healthcare provider:

    • Why did I get prostate cancer?
    • What is my Gleason score? What is my Grade Group? What do these numbers mean for me?
    • Has the cancer spread outside of the prostate gland?
    • What is the best treatment for the stage of prostate cancer I have?
    • If I choose active surveillance, what can I expect? What signs of cancer should I look out for?
    • What are the treatment risks and side effects?
    • Is my family at risk for developing prostate cancer? If so, should we get genetic tests?
    • Am I at risk for other types of cancer?
    • What type of follow-up care do I need after treatment?
    • Should I look out for signs of complications?

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Prostate cancer is a common cancer that affects males. Most prostate cancers grow slowly and remain in the prostate gland. For a small number, the disease can be aggressive and spread quickly to other parts of the body. Men with slow-growing prostate cancers may choose active surveillance. With this approach, you can postpone, and sometimes completely forego, treatments. Your healthcare provider can discuss the best treatment option for you based on your Gleason score and Group Grade.

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    To Learn More About Cam

    National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

    The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health at the National Institutes of Health facilitates research and evaluation of complementary and alternative practices, and provides information about a variety of approaches to health professionals and the public.

    • NCCIH Clearinghouse

    Side Effects And Nutrition

    Do vitamin E and Selenium Prevent Prostate Cancer

    Cancer treatment often causes side effects, such as nausea, mouth sores, and taste changes that may make it difficult to eat or drink. Follow these tips to help you get the nutrition you need:

    • If water tastes unpleasant to you, take in more liquid though items such as soup, tea, milk or milk substitutes such as almond milk, or a sports drink. Or, flavor your water by adding fresh cut fruit.
    • If food tastes bland, try seasoning it with flavorful spices such as garlic, cayenne, dill, and rosemary.
    • Eat several small meals throughout the day instead of trying to eat large amounts of food at one time.
    • Enhance your protein intake with protein from foods such as fish, egg whites, cheese, beans, or high protein smoothies.
    • Suck on mints, chew on gum, or try fresh citrus fruits if you have a metallic taste in your mouth. Brushing your teeth before eating, using plastic utensils, and cooking in glassware can also help.
    • If you have mouth sores or a gum infection, use a blender to make vegetables and meats smooth. Try juicing or making smoothies.Some side effects are often treated with medication, so talk with your doctor or another member of your health care team for more information.

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