Getting A Diagnosis Of Bladder Cancer Can Be A Difficult Time
Although screenings for prostate cancer are one tool for early detecti. Getting a diagnosis of bladder cancer can be a difficult time. Here are 10 more facts about prostate cancer. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer, the better the patient’s chance of survival is. Although the percentage of cases in men is much lower than in women, male breast cancer accounts for a por. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. When malignant cancer cells form and grow within a person’s breast tissue, breast cancer occurs. One in seven men in the united states will receive a prostate cancer diagnosis during his lifetime. Whether you or someone y. Find the information you need today. However, as with other types of cancer,. Of course, your specialist is the main person whose advice you should follow but it doesn’t do anyone harm. It may grow slowly and it’s typically treatable.
Treatment for bladder cancer depends on your overall health, progression of the c. There are a number of different treatments doctors recommend. Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer diagnosed in men. Getting a diagnosis of bladder cancer can be a difficult time. Being armed with information is vital to begin the fight.
Theres An Increased Risk With If You Have Two Family Members Whove Had Prostate Cancer Smoking And Obesity And Diet At All Affects The Risk Of Developing Prostate Cancer As Well Said Dr Dils
According to Cancer.org, About 1 man in 8 will be diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime.
Prostate cancer is more likely to develop in older men and in non-Hispanic Black men. About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men who are 65 or older, and it is rare in men under 40. The average age of men at diagnosis is about 66.
Deaths from prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in American men, behind only lung cancer. About 1 man in 41 will die of prostate cancer. More than 3.1 million men in the United States who have been diagnosed with prostate cancer at some point are still alive today.
To learn about the blood test that can detest prostate cancer, To learn more about Dr. Dils, .
How Is The Biopsy Assessed
If cancer cells are found in the biopsy, the tumour is given a grade by examining the sample through a microscope to see whether it looks like an aggressive or a slow-growing cancer.
The traditional grading scale used is called a Gleason score with scores from 6 to 10.
Aggressive or faster-growing cancers are more likely to affect your health and lifespan. These are called high-risk cancers, and usually have a Gleason score of 8 to 10.
A newer grading system is called the Grade Group system. It uses a scale of 1 to 5, with Grade Group 5 being the same as Gleason score 8-10.
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What Causes Prostate Cancer
We still dont know what causes prostate cancer. However, there are some risk factors that have been linked with prostate cancer, including:
A history of low fertility levels
Many of these risk factors are unavoidable. But maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet can help to avoid some of the risks.
Are Prostate Problems Always A Sign Of Prostate Cancer
Not all growths in the prostate are cancerous, and not all prostate problems indicate cancer. Other conditions that cause similar prostate cancer symptoms include:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia : At some point, almost every man will develop benign prostatic hyperplasia . This condition enlarges the prostate gland but doesnt increase cancer risk. The swollen gland squeezes the urethra and blocks the flow of semen and urine. Medications, and sometimes surgery, can help.
- Prostatitis: Men younger than 50 are more prone to prostatitis, inflammation and swelling of the prostate gland. Bacterial infections are often the cause. Treatments include antibiotics or other medications.
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Five Things Every Man Should Know About Prostate Cancer
Its only about the size of a walnut, but the prostate takes on an oversized place in mens health as they age. In support of National Prostate Cancer Awareness Month, we talked to MultiCare Urologist Douglas Sutherland, MD, to learn the five things every man should know about prostate cancer and why an annual physical is so important for mens health.
Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in American men, behind skin cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. In fact, one in eight men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime. Its also the second-leading cause of cancer death in American men .
But the statistics arent all grim. If caught and treated early, prostate cancer is very survivable. Localized prostate cancer is nearly 100 percent curable. But its also not likely to cause any symptoms. A simple blood test to measure prostate-specific antigens has been shown to reduce the death rate of prostate cancer.
Older men and non-Hispanic Black men are at higher risk for prostate cancer. Family history also plays a part. If your father or brother had prostate cancer, your risk of developing the disease is double what it would be otherwise.
In a twist, obesity seems to reduce the risk of developing prostate cancer overall. But thats not a license to ignore the scale because when an obese man does develop prostate cancer, its usually more aggressive.
Ongoing Side Effects Of Prostate Cancer Treatment
Depending on the treatment you undergo, you may experience some of the following:
- Erectile dysfunction
- Weight gain due to hormone therapy
These side effects have different durations for different people.
Because a side effect of treatment may include erectile dysfunction, prostate cancer can have a serious impact on intimate relationships. As many people who have been through the journey will tell you, prostate cancer isnt just a mans disease, its a couples disease. Make sure you involve your partner as you think through the various treatment options.
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Determining The Proper Treatment
There are a number of treatment options for prostate cancer, according to the Mayo Clinic.
- Radiation. Radiation therapy can be delivered in a few different ways. One is external beam radiation, in which a machine outside the body delivers radiation to the prostate tissue. Another form of therapy, known as brachytherapy, involves using radioactive seeds to deliver a low dose of radiation directly to the prostate tissue.
- Hormones. The hormone testosterone acts as fuel for prostate cancer cells inside the body. By blocking the production of testosterone, you can kill off the cancer. Possible treatments include medications that stop the production of testosterone, medications that block testosterone from reaching cancer cells or, in extreme cases, surgery to remove the testicles.
- Surgery. For life-threatening prostate cancer, surgery to remove the prostate gland and surrounding tissues may be recommended.
- Biological therapy. Biological therapy uses your bodys own immune system to fight cancer. In the case of prostate cancer, your bodys immune cells are engineered in a lab to fight prostate cancer, and then injected back into your body.
- Chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is a traditional cancer treatment thats used to stop its spread. It may be needed for prostate cancer that has spread to other areas of the body.
- Cryosurgery or cryoablation. Freezing prostate tissue and then thawing it out has shown some success in killing prostate cancer when other treatments have failed.
What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider
If you have prostate cancer, you may want to ask your healthcare provider:
- Why did I get prostate cancer?
- What is my Gleason score? What is my Grade Group? What do these numbers mean for me?
- Has the cancer spread outside of the prostate gland?
- What is the best treatment for the stage of prostate cancer I have?
- If I choose active surveillance, what can I expect? What signs of cancer should I look out for?
- What are the treatment risks and side effects?
- Is my family at risk for developing prostate cancer? If so, should we get genetic tests?
- Am I at risk for other types of cancer?
- What type of follow-up care do I need after treatment?
- Should I look out for signs of complications?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Prostate cancer is a common cancer that affects males. Most prostate cancers grow slowly and remain in the prostate gland. For a small number, the disease can be aggressive and spread quickly to other parts of the body. Men with slow-growing prostate cancers may choose active surveillance. With this approach, you can postpone, and sometimes completely forego, treatments. Your healthcare provider can discuss the best treatment option for you based on your Gleason score and Group Grade.
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What Else You Can Do To Help Reduce Your Cancer Risk
- Stay away from tobacco.
- Get to and stay at a healthy weight.
- Get moving with regular physical activity.
- Follow a healthy eating pattern that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and that limits or avoids red/processed meats, and highly processed foods.
- Its best not to drink alcohol. If you do drink, have no more than 2 drinks per day for men.
- Protect your skin.
- Know yourself, your family history, and your risks.
- Get regular check-ups and cancer screening tests.
Prostate Cancer: 6 Warning Signs That Men Should Not Miss
- Many cases of prostate cancer go undetected till advanced stage as there are hardly any significant symptoms initially.
Prostate cancer, one of the most common cancers that affect men, mostly after the age of 60, is not easily detectable at initial stages. Symptoms are more prominent at advanced stage when it has spread to other parts of the body. This is the reason experts advise that men should pay attention to certain warning signs that may indicate trouble, and get screened for prostate cancer.
Dr S K Pal, Urologist, Apollo Spectra Delhi, Nehru Enclave, explains more about the cancer and its warning signs.
Some facts about prostate
“The prostate is a small walnut sized gland situated in the pelvic region of a man next to the bladder. Your prostate is known to carry out a lot of important functions like producing the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports your sperm,” says Dr. Pal.
Many cases of prostate cancer may go unrecognized initially, because there are hardly any significant symptoms till it has extensively spread to the bones or other organs of the body. “This happens due to the lack of awareness, tendency to ignore minor symptoms, self denial due to male ego and avoidance of annual health check-ups till serious problems start and cause significant disturbances in passing urine,” adds Dr. Pal.
Causes of prostate cancer
Warning signs of prostate cancer
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Advanced Prostate Cancer Symptoms
Men with advanced prostate cancer may experience additional symptoms. Thats because the cancer has spread from the prostate to other parts of the body, such as the bones or lymph nodes.
A wide range of treatment options are available for managing advanced cancer. These treatments kill cancer cells, but they may also help patients manage pain.
Signs of metastatic prostate cancer may include:
- Swelling in legs or pelvic area
- Numbness or pain in the hips, legs or feet
- Bone pain that persists or leads to fractures
What Are Prostate Cancer Treatment Side Effects
Some prostate cancer treatments can affect the bladder, erectile nerves and sphincter muscle, which controls urination. Potential problems include:
- Incontinence: Some men experience urinary incontinence. You may leak urine when you cough or laugh, or you may feel an urgent need to use the bathroom even when your bladder isnt full. This problem can improve over the first six to 12 months without treatment.
- Erectile dysfunction : Surgery, radiation and other treatments can damage the erectile nerves and affect your ability to get or maintain an erection. Some men regain erectile function within a year or two . In the meantime, medications like sildenafil or tadalafil can help by increasing blood flow to the penis.
- Infertility: Treatments can affect your ability to produce or ejaculate sperm, resulting in male infertility. If you think you might want children in the future, you can preserve sperm in a sperm bank before you start treatments. After treatments, you may undergo sperm extraction. This procedure involves removing sperm directly from testicular tissue and implanting it into a womans uterus.
Risk Factors For Prostate Cancer
Because prostate cancer tends to not show symptoms in its early stages, risk factors are another useful tool to identify candidates for screening. The Mayo Clinic notes that risk certainly increases as you grow older, and obese men may be more likely to have prostate cancer that is aggressive or difficult to treat.
For unknown reasons, black men are also at a greater risk of prostate cancer than men of other races. Not only are they more likely to get prostate cancer, but the risk of prostate cancer being aggressive or advanced is also higher.
Finally, your family history or genetics can also help determine your prostate cancer risk. For example, men with close relatives who had prostate cancer are more likely to get it. Also, a family history of breast cancer or the presence of the genes BRCA1 or BRCA2 within the family also raises the likelihood of a man developing prostate cancer.
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These include your blood pressure, heart rate and metab. Of course, your specialist is the main person whose advice you should follow but it doesn’t do anyone harm. The earlier the detection of prostate cancer, the better the patient’s chance of survival is. Whether you or someone y. Breast cancer is the second most common cancer found in women after skin cancer but that doesn’t mean men aren’t at risk as well.
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Ejaculation May Lower Prostate Cancer Risk
The findings, published in the April 7 issue of The Journal of the American Medical Association, are based on data collected from nearly 30,000 predominately white men aged 46 to 81.
At the start of the study, men provided information on ejaculation frequency in their 20s, 40s, and in the previous year . Ejaculation frequency included sexual intercourse, masturbation, and nighttime ejaculations that can occur during sleep. The men were then monitored for eight years.
Researchers found most categories of ejaculation frequency were unrelated to prostate cancer risk. But when they looked at men in the highest category of ejaculation frequency, they found evidence of a protective effect.
“When you look at the data in a little bit more detail, you do see that not only is there not an increased risk, but there is potentially even the possibility of a slight decrease in risk with high ejaculation frequency,” says researcher Michael Leitzmann, MD, an investigator at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Md. Leitzmann conducted the research during a post-doctoral fellowship at Harvard University.
Leitzmann says researchers suspected that ejaculation frequency might be a marker of a healthier, more active lifestyle. But when they accounted for diet, exercise, and other risk factors for prostate cancer, the link between frequent ejaculation and lower prostate cancer risk remained.
Doctor’s Notes On Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a disease in which cells in the prostate gland, a part of the male reproductive system, start to multiply uncontrollably. Prostate cancer cells can also spread to other organs and tissues in the body, commonly the pelvic lymph nodes and bones. Less commonly prostate cancer cells may also metastasize to the lungs and liver.
Most men will have no symptoms of prostate cancer, especially in the early stages. When they do occur, symptoms of prostate cancer are typically due to urinary blockage at the bladder neck or the urethra and may include difficulty in starting and stopping urination, increase in frequency of urination, pain while urinating, urinary retention, and a feeling of bladder fullness after urination. When the blockage is chronic, recurring urinary tract infections may occur.
Rare symptoms of advanced prostate cancer may include
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Choosing A Treatment For Prostate Cancer
Aim to be ok with the treatment decision you make, take risks and benefits into consideration.
Learn what you can, make use of the quality services and resources available. When making treatment decisions the following is recommended:
- Make a decision after a treatment recommendation from a multi-disciplinary meeting . This meeting would ideally consist of input from the following specialists: urologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, radiologist, nursing and allied health.
- Seek a second opinion for a recommended treatment option that is right for you, from both a urologist as well as a radiation oncologist.
- Enquire as to whether a specialist is part of a quality improvement audit, such as a registry.
- Utilise the cancer support services available in your country to increase your levels of information and understanding around treatment options, and potential side effects. Phone Prostate Cancer UK specialist nurses on 0800 074 8383 or visit their website.
- Approach your GP if you have concerns or want a second opinion.