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Surgical procedures to remove the diseased prostate are usually necessary. Surgical procedures are not always necessary. If the disease is caused by bacterial infections, a doctor can treat the symptoms using alpha-blockers or surgery. Physical therapy, relaxation exercises, and warm baths are all recommended. A physician may also prescribe antibiotics to cure the infection. A bacterial infection can also cause a recurrence of the condition.
An enlarged prostate can be uncomfortable for both men and women. Some of the symptoms of an enlarged male reproductive organ include a weakened urine stream, urgent need to urinate, and urinary tract infections. BPH can also cause damage to the kidneys. A sudden inability to urinate can be life-threatening, as it can lead to bladder and kidney damage. Unfortunately, most men with enlarged prostrates put up with the symptoms for years before they seek treatment. However, many of the men with symptoms finally decide to go to a doctor for proper gynecological evaluation and to begin enlarged prostatic therapy.
Anatomical Position And Structure
The seminal glands are a pair of 5cm long tubular glands. They are located between the bladder fundus and the rectum .
Their most important anatomical relation is with the vas deferens, which combine with the duct of the seminal vesicles to form the ejaculatory duct, which subsequently drains into the prostatic urethra.
Internally the gland has a honeycombed, lobulated structure with a mucosa lined by pseudostratified columnar epithelium. These columnar cells are highly influenced by testosterone, growing taller with higher levels, and are responsible for the production of seminal secretions.
What Can I Do To Keep My Vas Deferens Healthy
The tips for keeping yourself healthy will help to keep your reproductive system, including your vas deferens, healthy.
- Try to reach and maintain a healthy weight.
- Stay hydrated and eat a variety of healthy foods.
- Exercise regularly.
- Dont smoke or use tobacco products.
- Practice safe sex.
- Wear protective equipment if you participate in sports.
- Know how your sex organs look and feel when theyre healthy. If you notice any changes, contact your healthcare provider.
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An enlarged prostate can also be the cause of other problems. If the enlarged prostate is causing symptoms, the best treatment would be a natural remedy. In the meantime, there are treatments for a wide range of conditions that cause a man to experience pain. A common surgical procedure involves an electric loop, laser, or electro-stimulation. The procedure is a safe and effective option for treating enlarged or symptomatic BPH.
Epididymis And Ductus Deferens
There is an epididymis and ductus deferens, but there is no head, body, or tail to the epididymis, which appears as a slight bulge on the testis. The tightly packed efferent ductules join to form the deferent duct, which arises from the caudal end of the epididymis the ductus deferens closely follows the ureter to the middle chamber of the cloaca . In sexually active cockerels the ductus deferens is full of spermatozoa and thus is whitish in colour. The copulatory apparatus of the chicken consists of two papillae and a rudimentary copulatory organ that is located in the vent .
Dianne M. Creasy, Robert E. Chapin, in, 2013
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Ductus Deferens Ejaculatory Ducts And Seminal Vesicles
The tubular ductus deferens is a direct continuous of the cauda epididymis, from which it receives mature sperm. The right and left ducts, one from each epididymis, have a smooth muscular coat and ascend along the posterior boarder of the testis within the spermatic cord and enter into the abdomino-pelvic cavity through the inguinal canals. Within the pelvic cavity, the ductus deferens lies immediately posterior to the urinary bladder where its distal ends passes inferiorly and is joined by a duct from the seminal vesicle. The resulting ejaculatory ducts pass through the prostate gland to join a common prostatic urethra. The ductus deferens functions to transport sperm from the cauda epididymis to the prostatic urethra.
Robert Lewis Maynard, Noel Downes, in, 2019
How Does The Prostate Work
The prostate is located directly below the bladder and above the muscles of the pelvic floor. The rectum is behind the prostate, making it possible to feel the gland from the rectum using the finger. The ducts in the prostate gland flow into the urethra, which passes through the prostate. The word prostate is taken from the Greek expression meaning one who stands before, which describes the position of the prostate gland. Viewed from below, where the urethra leaves the gland, the prostate stands before the bladder.
The tissue of the prostate gland can be divided into three different zones, listed here from innermost to outermost, which encircle the urethra like layers of an onion:
- The transition zone is found on the inside of the gland and is the smallest part of the prostate . It surrounds the urethra between the bladder and the upper third of the urethra.
- The central zone surrounds the transition zone and makes up about one quarter of the prostates total mass. This is where the duct common to the prostate, seminal duct and the seminal vesicles is found. This duct is also known as the ejaculatory duct .
- The peripheral zone represents the main part of the prostate gland about 70% of the tissue mass is part of the peripheral zone.
The prostate has various functions:
Production of fluid for semen:
Hormone metabolism: In the prostate the male sex hormone testosterone is transformed to a biologically active form, DHT .
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Ductus Deferens And Ampulla
The spermatic cord along with the spermatic artery, nerves to the testis, and the pampiniform plexus of veins sheathe the ductus deferens . The cooling of the arterial blood entering the testis is facilitated by the pampiniform plexus. The cremaster muscle from the inguinal ligament and internal oblique abdominal muscle forms long loops that attach to the connective tissue of the sac-like cremaster fascia. The testis in the scrotum is suspended by the cremaster fascia. With the contraction of the cremaster muscle, the testis rises in cases of cold environments or fear. Relaxation of the cremaster muscle allows the cooling of the surface vessels of the testis, which drain into the pampiniform plexus.
The ampulla, a terminal expansion of the ductus deferens, has a similar epithelium lining to that of the tail of the epididymis. However, the ductus deferens has large infoldings of the mucosa into the lumen , and the ampulla has numerous branches and intersecting folds of the mucosa that create the appearance of compartmentation. The ampullas length varies with species.
Michael Lierz, … Jaime Samour, in, 2016
Module 1: The Reproductive System
- Describe human male reproductive anatomies
Figure 1. The reproductive structures of the human male are shown.
In the male reproductive system, the scrotum houses the testicles or testes , including providing passage for blood vessels, nerves, and muscles related to testicular function. The testes are a pair of male reproductive organs that produce sperm and some reproductive hormones. Each testis is approximately 2.5 by 3.8 cm in size and divided into wedge-shaped lobules by connective tissue called septa. Coiled in each wedge are seminiferous tubules that produce sperm.
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Does A Woman Have A Vas Deferens
No, but the fallopian tubes serve a similar purpose in the reproductive system typically described as female. The tubes move the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus where its possible that the eggs can be fertilized.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
You may never think about your vas deferens unless you have reason to think about it. One reason you may think about your sperm duct is if youve been trying to start a family, and youre unable to do so. Another reason is if you have pain or swelling in the area. Its important to have a good relationship with your healthcare provider, so you can answer their questions honestly. This way youll be able to work together to find a solution.
What You Need To Know About The Prostate Relate The Location Of The Prostate To The Deferent Duct
A enlarged prostate can also cause blockages in the urethra. A blocked urethra can also damage the kidneys. A patient suffering from an enlargement of the prostate may have pain in his lower abdomen and genitals. If pain is present, a digital rectal examination will reveal hard areas. A doctor may prescribe surgery or perform an endoscopic procedure. If the enlarged prostate is not completely removed, it will shrink.
While the size of an enlarged prostate will influence the extent of urinary symptoms, men may experience a range of urinary symptoms. Some men have minimal or no symptoms at all. Some men will have a very enlarged prostate, whereas others will have a mild enlargement. Generally, the symptoms can stabilize over time. Some men may have an enlarged prostate but not notice it. If they have an enlarged colon, their physician can perform a TURP procedure.
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What Are Common Tests To Check The Health Of Your Vas Deferens
Your healthcare provider will use each hand to feel each of your testicles at the same time. Your provider knows what a healthy scrotum and spermatic cord feel like, so they can tell if theres something not quite right.
Your provider may shine a bright light through your scrotum to be able to see if there is a solid mass or a fluid-filled cyst. This is called transillumination.
Your provider may order other tests, including:
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Another type of prostate issue is chronic prostatitis, or chronic pelvic pain syndrome. This condition causes pain in the lower back and groin area, and may cause urinary retention. Symptoms include leaking and discomfort. In severe cases, a catheter may be required to relieve the symptoms. If the problem is unresponsive to other treatments, your doctor may suggest a surgical procedure. If these do not work, your symptoms could progress and become chronic.
An acute bacterial infection can cause a burning sensation. Inflammation of the prostate can affect the bladder and result in discomfort and other symptoms. This is the most common urinary tract problem in men under 50, and the third most common in men over 65. The symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are similar to those of CPPS. Patients may experience a fever or chills as a result of the infection.
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What Is Prostate Cancer
This diagram shows the location of the prostate, in front of the rectum and just below the bladder.
Cancer is a disease in which cells in the body grow out of control. When cancer starts in the prostate, it is called prostate cancer. Not including skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.
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Symptomatic treatment of an enlarged prostate usually involves a combination of medication and lifestyle changes. A diet rich in fruits and vegetables may be the best option if you suffer from chronic urination. It will help the body adjust to the increased size of the prostate. Also, taking regular urination intervals will help retrain the bladder to function properly. Inactivity also contributes to urine retention, and cold temperatures can increase the urge to urinate.
Invasive treatment of enlarged prostate includes medication that relieves the pressure on the urethra and bladder. However, if the condition is severe, it may require surgical intervention. If treatment is not successful, the enlarged prostate can become a potentially life-threatening disease. As the hormone levels in the body change, the enlarged prostate can lead to various complications, including urinary retention and even cancer. This is why it is critical to see a doctor for further evaluation.
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The Initial Causes Relate The Location Of The Prostate To The Deferent Duct
One of the first symptoms of prostate issues is pain or tenderness in the groin or lower back. This can be the result of a noncancerous condition called enlarged prostatic tissue, or it could be an infection of the bladder. In either case, its important to see a doctor as soon as possible. If youre suffering from prostate pain, you may want to consider reducing your caffeine intake.
Another symptom of a potentially enlarged prostate is difficulty starting a stream of urine, leaking, or dribbling. These symptoms are not serious, but theyre still alarming. Most men put up with an enlarged prostate for years before seeking medical attention, but they typically seek treatment as soon as they notice symptoms. Even if you dont have symptoms, its worth getting checked to determine if you have any prostate issues.
If you experience nightly bathroom runs, you may be experiencing an enlarged prostate. You may be having difficulty starting a stream of urine, or you may even be dribbling or leaking during the day. These problems arent life-threatening, but can become a nuisance. You should not ignore these signs and seek treatment as soon as you notice them. If you feel any of these symptoms, you should consult a doctor.