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Prostate Artery Embolization Side Effects

How Is Pae Done

Unilateral Prostate Artery Embolization for Enlarged Prostate causing complete urinary retention

PAE is an outpatient surgical procedure that involves injecting very small beads into small prostate blood vessels. The beads are placed using a flexible hollow tube called a catheter that is threaded to their target through an artery in the upper thigh. When done correctly, PAE has a good safety record. However, side effects can occur due to inflammation or misplaced beads.

What Is An Embolization Procedure

Embolization is a therapeutic procedure to selectively block blood flow in a specific area in the body. Embolization is performed by placing medications or synthetic materials, known as embolic agents, inside a blood vessel. The embolic agents come together to form a block in the blood vessel.

Embolic agents are placed in the targeted spot in the blood vessel by inserting a thin flexible tube into the blood vessel. Catheter embolization is minimally invasive and an effective way to control abnormal bleeding or cut off blood supply to abnormal tissue.

What Is The Success Rate Of Prostate Artery Embolization

Did you know that an enlarged prostate affects at least 50% of all American men by the age of 60 and over 90% by age 80? If youre struggling with the negative symptoms associated with an enlarged prostate, board-certified radiologist Dr. Andrew Doe and the team at Alate Heath want to help.

Our practice offers prostate artery embolization to men in Houston, Texas, suffering the ill effects of an enlarged prostate. Regarded as one of the safest treatment options available, PAE can provide lasting relief for your symptoms.

We know you may have questions about PAE and how successful it is at treating enlarged prostate, so weve put together this helpful guide. Read on to learn more!

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How Successful Is Pae For Enlarged Prostate

In a 2020 study, researchers found that PAE was as effective as TURP at relieving urinary symptoms. Researchers also pointed out two areas in which PAE was a better alternative to TURP:

  • PAE patients had a greater improvement in quality of life scores compared with TURP patients.
  • There were fewer adverse events reported in the PAE group than in the TURP group.

Benefits Of Prostate Artery Embolization

Prostate Artery Embolization in South Africa

The benefits of the PAE procedure include:

  • It is a non-invasive, outpatient procedure
  • Patients can expect to see results within a few days
  • Recovery time is significantly lower
  • Less risk of urinary incontinence
  • Less risk of sexual side effects
  • No retrograde ejaculation
  • Less pain/discomfort during and after the procedure

Patients who have BPH typically suffer from the following symptoms:

  • Difficulty starting the urination process
  • Frequent and urgent need to urinate
  • Weak stream of urine or a stream of urine that stops and starts
  • Increased nocturnal urination
  • Inability to empty the bladder fully
  • Post-urination dribbling
  • UTIs
  • Blood in the urine

Once a man undergoes this procedure, it typically takes a couple of weeks to get relief and feel like his body is functioning like it did when he was younger.

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Comparison Of Prostatic Artery Embolisation Versus Transurethral Resection Of The Prostate For Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: Randomised Open Label Non

  • Dominik Abt, consultant urologist1,
  • Lukas Hechelhammer, section chief of interventional radiology2,
  • Gautier Müllhaupt, consultant urologist1,
  • Stefan Markart, radiologist2,
  • Thomas M Kessler, head4,
  • Hans-Peter Schmid, department chief1,
  • Daniel S Engeler, associate professor of urology1,
  • Livio Mordasini, consultant urologist1
  • 1Department of Urology, St Gallen Cantonal Hospital, 9007 St Gallen, Switzerland
  • 2Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, St Gallen Cantonal Hospital, St Gallen, Switzerland
  • 3Clinical Trials Unit, St Gallen Cantonal Hospital, St Gallen, Switzerland
  • 4Neuro-Urology, Spinal Cord Injury Center and Research, University of Zürich, Balgrist University Hospital, Zürich, Switzerland
  • Correspondence to: D Abt
    • Accepted 6 May 2018

    Are There Any Side

    It is a safe procedure with mild to moderate post-surgical discomfort. The only possible side effects are bleeding and infection which are reported in less than 1% men undergoing this procedure. Since it is an invasive method and the positive effects generally lasts for 36 months to 48 months at maximum, due to which few healthcare professionals think that this method is unnecessary.

    In other words, there are already pills in the market that can treat enlarged prostate, which are quite effective with minimum side effects. However, in the United States there are about 25-30 medical centers which are performing PAE as part of the clinical trial and regular treatment as well. PAE is not covered under health insurance policies but in the University of North Carolinas Center for Heart and Vascular Care, the patients who enroll in clinical trials for PAE are covered by Medicare.

    Speak to your doctor if you are a candidate for Prostatic Artery Embolization Procedure.

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    New Enlarged Prostate Therapy: Fewer Side Effects

    ‘Embolization’ limits prostate’s blood supply, but experts say more research is needed

    HealthDay Reporter

    MONDAY, March 24, 2014 — A new noninvasive procedure may bring long-term relief from symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate, a new study suggests.

    As men age, the prostate gland grows larger and may begin to press on the urethra. Enlarged prostate affects more than half of men by age 60 and causes symptoms such as frequent urination, weak urine stream and a persistent feeling of having to urinate.

    Surgery is the standard treatment for the condition, but can cause complications such as sexual dysfunction and impotence, experts note.

    The new treatment is called prostate artery embolization. “Prostate artery embolization is a promising therapy that has been performed outside the United States to improve men’s symptoms,” explained Dr. Man Hon, chief of interventional radiology at Winthrop University Hospital in Mineola, N.Y.

    “This procedure works by closing the blood supply to the prostate,” said Hon, who was not involved in the new study. “As a result, the prostate shrinks in size, causes less blockage, and the symptoms improve.”

    The study was conducted in Portugal and included nearly 500 men, aged 45 to 89, with enlarged prostate — formally called benign prostatic hyperplasia — who underwent prostate artery embolization.

    “I believe PAE could eventually become standard treatment for enlarged prostate,” he added.

    Prostate Artery Embolization Is A Revolutionary Enlarged Prostate Treatment

    Prostate Artery Embolization

    Dr. Pisco was able to modify a procedure that was done successfully for women for uterine conditions and adapted that for the prostate. The first treatment was done in 2009. As of early 2015, he has just done 800 procedures with an 85-90% success rate resulting in significant improvement of symptoms, often experienced the very same day as the procedure. It takes less than an hour to do in most cases with a tiny incision in the groin to insert a miniature catheter into an artery that then is directed to the prostate arteries, one on each side of the gland. There, tiny needs are deposited that block some of the blood flow to the prostate causing it to shrink in size. Most men experience immediate relief to their astonishment. The side effects are minimal and disappear quickly.It is also known as Prostate Embolization.Since there is no cutting, burning, lasering, medicating or removal of prostate tissue, the Prostate Artery Embolization for benign prostatic hyperplasia does not negatively affect sexual function.

    This has always been one of the major drawbacks that men have had to endure with existing enlarged prostate treatments.

    The sexual side effects of conventional treatments are what cause the biggest concern for men who undergo standard BPH treatments as their side effects are well known:

    • incontinence
    • erectile difficulties
    • retrograd ejaculation.

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    What Does Prostate Artery Embolization Involve

    At the Midwest Institute for Non-Surgical Therapy, prostate artery embolization occurs on-site on an outpatient basis.

    At the beginning of the procedure, your provider administers moderate anesthesia. A small pinhole incision is made in the wrist or the groin. Then, a small catheter is directed into the artery supplying the prostate. After positioning the catheter, your provider injects a series of microspheres into it. The microspheres go through the catheter and reduce blood supply to your prostate. This is called embolization. The process is then repeated on the other side, through the same incision.

    Following treatment, your prostate begins to shrink. Remarkably, the prostate does not die, it just gets significantly smaller in size. Most people experience a reduction in symptoms within 24-48 hours. Over a six month period, the prostate shrinks up to 40%, which results in improved urinary symptoms.

    What Happens During Prostatic Artery Embolization

    • PAE is performed by an interventional radiologist . An interventional radiologist is a doctor who uses X-rays and other imaging techniques to see inside the body and treat conditions without surgery.
    • A Foley catheter may be inserted into your urethra and positioned in your bladder to provide a reference point for the surrounding anatomy.
    • PAE is performed through a small catheter inserted by your interventional radiologist into the artery in your wrist or groin. The interventional radiologist will then guide the catheter into the vessels that supply blood to your prostate.
    • An arteriogram is done to map the blood vessels feeding your prostate.
    • Tiny round microspheres are injected through the catheter and into the blood vessels that feed your prostate to reduce its blood supply.
    • The interventional radiologist will move the catheter in order to treat the other side of your prostate, repeating the steps above.
    • Following this procedure the prostate will begin to shrink, relieving and improving symptoms usually within days of the procedure.

    Our Approach to PAE

    Johns Hopkins board-certified interventional radiologists diagnose and treat complex conditions with less risk, less pain and less recovery time, compared to open surgery and with unprecedented precision.

    Also Check: Where To Go For Prostate Exam

    Prostate Artery Embolization For The Treatment Of Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms From Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Prostate Artery Embolization is performed by Dr. J. Dana Dunleavy in the Windsong Interventional and Vascular Suite for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia . This procedure is a minimally invasive treatment performed as an outpatient with zero hospital days and results include rapid symptomatic improvement, reduced recovery, and diminished risk of side effects, including erectile dysfunction.

    Prostate Artery Embolization Relieves Urinary Symptoms Of Bph Without Causing Major Side Effects

    Prostate Artery Embolization
    Society of Interventional Radiology
    A minimally invasive treatment that reduces urinary tract symptoms for men with enlarged prostates maintains its effectiveness for at least three years after patients undergo the therapy, according to new research. This study of 1,000 men is the largest of its kind to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of prostate artery embolization .

    A minimally invasive treatment that reduces urinary tract symptoms for men with enlarged prostates maintains its effectiveness for at least three years after patients undergo the therapy, according to research being presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology’s 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting today. This study of 1,000 men is the largest of its kind to evaluate the long-term effectiveness of prostate artery embolization .

    Enlarged prostate, also known as benign prostatic hyperplasia , is one of the most common prostate problems occurring in men older than 50. According to the National Institutes of Health, as many as 14 million men in the U.S. had symptoms suggestive of BPH, which can affect 50 percent of men between 51 and 60 years of age and up to 90 percent of men older than 80.

    Researchers also found that PAE, developed and performed by interventional radiologists, is especially effective in men with BPH who also have acute urinary retention or the inability to voluntarily urinate and in patients with very large prostates who are normally treated with open surgery.

    Story Source:

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    What Is Prostatic Artery Embolization

    The bothersome symptoms of prostatic hypertrophy can be managed with a new and revolutionary treatment strategy, known as prostatic artery embolization . This method involves blockage of the artery that is responsible for supplying the blood towards your prostate gland. The blocking is done via spheres that are microscopic in size and have the ability to partially block the blood flow due to which the prostate gets soft and shrunk as a result of ischemia or low oxygen delivery). As a consequence, the severity of urinary complaints is also reduced significantly.

    Details Of Prostatic Artery Embolization Procedure

    This procedure is performed by placing a catheter inside the femoral artery which is then directed towards the pair of prostate arteries. Then a beaded microscopic biological substance is inserted into the arteries which blocks the blood flow.

    In order to check the effectiveness of this method, a research study was conducted on 68 men, out of which 46 males reported after one month of the procedure that they all had felt noticeable relief in the intensity and severity of symptoms.

    At 3-month follow-up, 38 men received PAE out of which 28 reported a marked reduction in the frequency of urination episodes per night. Researchers also believe that more than the size reduction, it is the softening of the gland which helps in relieving the symptoms. Another logical reason can be less active prostate which reduces the stimulation towards sympathetic nervous system that triggers the message for urination.

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    Discover The Advantages Of Pae

    As a treatment option, PAE is a safe alternative for men with BPH and, like other minimally invasive procedures, has meaningful advantages over traditional surgery.

    One year after having the procedure, the average prostate size has shown to shrink by approximately 30%, easing a patient’s urinary symptoms, sparing erectile function, and improving the overall quality of life. Men who have undergone PAE have reported experiencing a high degree of satisfaction, which was also sustained during the first year following the procedure.

    A number of benefits:

    • Can be performed as an outpatient procedure
    • 1 week recovery
    • Less need for catheter use
    • No sexual side effects. No risk of Erectile dysfunction or retrograde ejaculation
    • No risk of incontinence leakage surrounding healthy tissue
    • Minimal pain and swelling
    • Lower risk of erectile dysfunction.
    • Can be performed on moderate or large size prostate gland with no upper size limit
    • PSA counts generally drop to very low levels after the procedure
    • Less than 1% complication rate
    • Relieves lower urinary tract symptoms such as feelings of urgency and frequency especially at night , incomplete bladder emptying, weak urine stream, intermittency, and straining while urinating

    Mayo Clinic Sends Team To Learn The Procedure

    Prostate Artery Embolization- A Patients Story- James

    That’s right, the world famous Mayo Clinic, was so impressed with the results of this huge sample of successful procedures that they just sent their elite team of specialists to learn how to do it from the originator in Portugal.

    Dr Martins Pisco from a small private hospital in Portugal has pioneered a revolutionary treatment for men who suffer from an enlarged prostate commonly known as BPH. Dr Pisco of St Louis Hospital in Lisbon Portugal developed this simple but effective local anaesthesia procedure as a result of his brother’s death from a prostectomy surgical procedure. He wanted to find a safer alternative so other men would not suffer so terribly from an enlarged prostate or risk complications as a result.

    Dr Pisco is 3rd from the left with the Mayo Clinic urologists and radiologists during their recent visit in January 2015.

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    How Does Pae Work

    PAE begins with a tiny incision in the wrist or groin that provides the physician access to arteries that feed the prostate. Using specialized X-ray equipment, the physician passes a catheter into the prostatic artery, and guides it near the location of the enlarged prostate. Small spheres are injected through the catheter and into the blood vessels feeding the enlarged prostate, reducing the flow of oxygenated blood, thus shrinking the prostate.

    Once treated, the microscopic tools are removed and a Band-Aid® is applied. The entire PAE treatment typically lasts 3-4 hours. Patients return home the same day. After a couple of days’ rest, patients can return to work and normal activities.

    About Dr Dan Sperling

    Dan Sperling, MD, DABR, is a board certified radiologist who is globally recognized as a leader in multiparametric MRI for the detection and diagnosis of a range of disease conditions. As Medical Director of the Sperling Prostate Center, Sperling Medical Group and Sperling Neurosurgery Associates, he and his team are on the leading edge of significant change in medical practice. He is the co-author of the new patient book Redefining Prostate Cancer, and is a contributing author on over 25 published studies. For more information, contact the Sperling Prostate Center.

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    Prostate Artery Embolization Side Effects

    Bryant Schmitz Jun 23, 2018

    Prostate artery embolization side effects are uncommon and generally mild, but interventional radiologists should be prepared to navigate exceptional cases of complications. Prostate artery embolization expert Dr. Ari Isaacson discusses his experiences with acute urinary retention and what side effects interventional radiologists should expect after a successful prostate artery embolization.Weve provided the highlight reel in this article, but you can listen to the full podcast below.

    Enlarged Prostate Treatment Without Sexual Side Effects

    A Physicianâs Perspective on Prostate Artery Embolization ...

    Prostate enlargement is a very common, non-cancerous condition that can cause urinary problems in men as they age. Traditional treatments for the condition may have unwanted side effects, such as sexual dysfunction.

    Prostate artery embolization is a minimally invasive image-guided procedure that offers men an alternative to traditional therapies. PAE shrinks the enlarged prostate, relieving symptoms without surgery or side effects like sexual dysfunction, incontinence , retrograde ejaculation or bleeding. PAE is performed by a vascular interventional radiologist, a board-certified specialist with expertise in treating enlarged prostate.

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