How Is Acute Prostatitis Treated
Your doctor will likely prescribe antibiotics for four to six weeks to treat acute bacterial prostatitis. Your treatment may last longer if you have recurrent episodes. The specific type of antibiotic will depend on the bacteria causing your condition.
Your doctor may also prescribe alpha-blockers to help relieve symptoms. These drugs relax your bladder muscles. They can help decrease urinary discomfort. Examples include doxazosin, terazosin, and tamsulosin. Your doctor may also recommend over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen.
Your doctor may advise you to adjust your daily habits to help relieve symptoms. For example, they may encourage you to:
- avoid bicycling or wear padded shorts to decrease pressure on your prostate
- avoid alcohol, caffeine, and foods that are spicy and acidic
- sit on a pillow or donut cushion
- take warm baths
Pde5 Inhibitors: Viagra Levitra And Cialis
Approved by the FDA in 1998, sildenafil revolutionized the way we think about and treat erectile dysfunction, largely because it is so easy to use and effective. Since then the FDA has approved three closely related drugs, vardenafil , avanafil and tadalafil .
All four drugs work in a similar fashion, by affecting the normal physiology of the penis. In particular, they block PDE5, an enzyme that breaks down the erection-producing chemical cyclic guanosine monophosphate. This enables the penis to fill with blood and to stay erect long enough for intercourse. Of course, its important to realize that none of these drugs is an aphrodisiac. Youve got to feel sexually stimulated in order for them to work.
The main differences between the drugs have to do with timing: how quickly they begin to work, and how long their effects last . Levitra may start working slightly faster than Viagra although the FDA says that like Viagra, it should be taken about an hour before sexual activity. Some studies suggest that Levitra may help some men who dont respond to Viagra. And while some doctors are skeptical about this claim, theres no harm in trying Levitra or Cialis if Viagra doesnt work for you.
Cialis has also been approved to treat men with both erectile dysfunction and BPH. The dose is lower, usually 5 milligrams per day.
What Is The Outlook
Acute prostatitis usually clears with a course of antibiotics. However, it is important to take the full course to clear the infection completely. There is a risk that an acute infection may become a persistent infection if you do not take the full course of antibiotics. See the separate leaflet called Chronic Prostatitis for further details.
Rarely, apart from chronic bacterial prostatitis, other complications of acute prostatitis can occur. These include:
- Sudden-onset urinary retention. Because it may be so painful to pass urine, urine can build up in your bladder, causing pain in your lower tummy and inability to pass urine at all. To relieve this, a thin, flexible, hollow tube is needed. This is usually inserted through a small cut in your tummy directly into your bladder to drain the urine. The catheter can usually be removed once the antibiotics have started working and the infection of the prostate is clearing.
- Prostate abscess. If the antibiotics do not effectively treat the prostate infection, rarely you can develop an abscess of your prostate. Your doctor may suspect this if your symptoms do not improve despite antibiotic treatment. Further tests are needed to confirm a prostate abscess, such as an ultrasound or CT scan of your prostate. If an abscess is present, an operation is needed to drain it.
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Facts You Should Know About Prostate Infections
- Prostate infections comprise only small percentage of all men with prostatitis. This small percentage is comprised of acute and chronic prostatic infections.
- E. coli and other Gram-negative bacteria cause most acute and chronic prostatic infections.
- Prostatic infection symptoms include groin pain, dysuria, pain with ejaculation, reduced urine output and may include fever, malaise, and periodic recurrence of symptoms even after treatment.
- Seek medical care if symptoms develop, emergency care if fever or inability to urinate occurs.
- Diagnosis of prostate infections or prostatitis is made by identifying the agent infecting the prostate.
- Treatment of prostate infections or prostatitis is usually antibiotics chronic infectious prostatitis may require long-term antibiotic treatment, and severe infections may require hospitalization with IV antibiotics.
- Home care is limited to pain reduction. Men with a prostate infection or prostatitis need medical care.
- Follow-up is important to confirm adequate treatment results or to plan additional treatment if the infection reoccurs.
- Some prostate infections cannot be prevented, but reducing the risk of groin trauma or injury, avoiding sexually transmitted diseases, and staying well hydrated are ways to reduce the chance of getting infectious prostatitis.
- The prognosis of acute infectious prostatitis is usually good, but chronic infectious prostatitis is only fair because it is difficult to cure.
What Is The Treatment For Acute Prostatitis
- Antibiotics. A four-week course is needed. Antibiotics are generally started before the confirmatory urine test results are back. The first antibiotic may be changed after the result of the urine test is back. The urine test finds exactly which germ is causing the infection and the best antibiotic to treat it. Four weeks of antibiotics are thought to be necessary to reduce the chance that you develop persistent prostatitis. If you are very unwell, you may need to go into hospital to have the antibiotics given through a vein..
- Paracetamol or ibuprofen ease pain and high temperature . They are best taken regularly rather than now and then. Stronger painkillers are sometimes needed.
- Laxatives can keep your stools soft, if needed. They may help to ease pain if you have hard stools in your back passage , pressing on your infected prostate.
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What Do We Mean By A Prostate Infection
Prostate Infection, also known as Prostatitis, is an infection in and around the prostate gland. This occurs when the prostate gland and the area around it gets inflamed. This is usually caused by bacteria which may have infiltrated the body through other causes. The prostate gland is located between the bladder and the base of the penis. The prostate gland also has the urethra passing through it which carries urine from the bladder to the penis.
Some Prostate Infections tend to cause no symptoms whatsoever however there are some forms of prostate Infections which can cause potentially serious symptoms and require immediate medical attention. There are basically two types of Prostate Infections of which one is acute bacterial prostate infection and the other is chronic bacterial prostate infection.
The Acute form of prostate infection causes sudden onset of symptoms which are severe in intensity and require emergent medical attention while the chronic form of prostate infection has symptoms which are mild in intensity and develop gradually over a period of time.
What Is A Prostate Infection
A prostate infection occurs when your prostate and the surrounding area become inflamed. The prostate is about the size of a walnut. Its located between the bladder and the base of the penis. The tube that moves urine from the bladder to the penis runs through the center of your prostate. The urethra also moves semen from the sex glands to the penis.
Several types of infections can affect the prostate. Some men with prostatitis experience no symptoms at all, while others report many, including intense pain.
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Increase In Mast Cells Irritate The Prostate
Chronic infection causes inflammation.
In response to inflammation, the body produces a greater number of localized mast cells, which makes matters worse. 20 Mast cells are produced during times of stress, as well as in response to ingesting foods or substances that trigger an allergic response. 21
Therefore, mast cell production in the bladder and prostate is basically an allergic response to inflammation that can increase the inflammatory cycle and locally suppress the immune system. 22 Remember that when provoked by a stimulus perceived as a threat to the immune system, mast cells release histamine, as well as a whole host of other inflammatory compounds. After a long period of inflammation, which has caused mast cells to pool in the prostate area, seasonal allergies can contribute to symptoms. The mast cells are there in larger numbers and will release their inflammatory cocktail in greater concentrations in areas of the body that are perceived as under attack.
Ive written previously about pollen allergies causing anxiety, but presumably they can contribute to some types of prostatitis as well.
I get into a study focusing on an autoimmune model of prostatitis in a couple paragraphs, but many people with mast cell issues dont do well with red meat, pork, and high fat diets. If you have allergies, cutting out saturated fat and going on more of a plant based diet for awhile could be helpful, especially, as we will see when you pair with certain antihistamines.
When To Seek Medical Care
A person may have urinary symptoms unrelated to prostatitis that are caused by bladder problems, UTIs, or benign prostatic hyperplasia. Symptoms of prostatitis also can signal more serious conditions, including prostate cancer.
Men with symptoms of prostatitis should see a health care provider.
Men with the following symptoms should seek immediate medical care:
- complete inability to urinate
- great discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen and urinary tract
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Eating Diet And Nutrition
Researchers have not found that eating, diet, and nutrition play a role in causing or preventing prostatitis. During treatment of bacterial prostatitis, urologists may recommend increasing intake of liquids and avoiding or reducing intake of substances that irritate the bladder. Men should talk with a health care provider or dietitian about what diet is right for them.
Providing Your Medical History
At first, the doctor will probably ask you about your medical history. Do you have any chronic illnesses? What illnesses and operations have you had in the past? What medications are you taking, if any? Your doctor is also likely to ask about your psychological well-being and lifestyle: Do you suffer from depression? Are you under a lot of stress? Do you drink alcohol? Smoke? Use illegal drugs? Have you felt a loss of affection for your partner? Have you recently grown interested in a new partner?
As part of this health history, be prepared to tell your doctor specific details about the symptoms that brought you to the office and when they began. Your doctor might want to know how often you had sex before the problem started and if there have been weeks or months in the past when youve had erectile dysfunction. Your doctor may conduct a written or verbal screening test.
If the cause is clear a recent operation for prostate cancer, for example the conversation may move directly to your treatment options. Otherwise, you may need to answer more questions to help the doctor narrow down the possible causes and avoid unnecessary testing.
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How Is Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome Managed Or Treated
Prostatitis treatments vary depending on the cause and type. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis doesnt require treatment.
For chronic pelvic pain syndrome , your healthcare provider may use a system called UPOINT to classify symptoms into six categories. Your provider uses multiple treatments at the same time to treat only the symptoms youre experiencing.
Approximately 80% of men with CPPS improve with the UPOINT system. The system focuses on these symptoms and treatments:
- Urinary: Medications, such as tamsulosin and alfuzosin , relax muscles around the prostate and bladder to improve urine flow.
- Psychosocial: Stress management can help. Some men benefit from counseling or medications for anxiety, depression and catastrophizing .
- Organ: Quercetin and bee pollen supplements may relieve a swollen, inflamed prostate gland.
- Infection:Antibiotics kill infection-causing bacteria.
- Neurologic: Prescription pain medicines, such as amitriptyline and gabapentin , relieve neurogenic pain. This pain can include fibromyalgia or pain that extends into the legs, arms or back.
- Tenderness: Pelvic floor physical therapy may include myofascial release . This therapy can reduce or eliminate muscle spasms.
Antibiotics For Prostatitis: Why They Dont Work
I went to my urologist and he prescribed me 4 weeks of ciprofloxacin. I have taken the full course, yet my prostatitis symptoms have not shown any signs of improvement. The urologist is saying its probably non-bacterial prostatitis.
My urologist diagnosed me with prostatitis and prescribed me 2 weeks of doxycycline. My symptoms became much better by the 5th day. But they gradually started coming back again. It has now been a month since the doxy course ended, and my symptoms are back to what they were before taking the antibiotic.
My urologist prescribed levofloxacin for 4 weeks to treat my prostatitis. After 2 weeks of the antibiotic, my symptoms were completely resolved. I thought my prostatitis was cured! However, a few weeks after finishing the levofloxacin, my symptoms started reappearing. 2 months later, I was back to square one.
For my prostatitis, I have had five different antibiotics, some orally and some intravenously. After each course of antibiotics, I would go back to my urologist with little to no improvement, and he would prescribe me a different antibiotic. Today, after all these antibiotics, I am no better than I was when my problem started.
1. The poor vascularity of the prostate gland
2. Poor penetration of antibiotics through the outer membrane of the prostate
3. Evolution of the bacteria to form antibiotic resistance
4. Prostatitis is a Biofilm infection
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Can A Prostate Infection Be Sexually Transmitted
The prostate consists of a small, apricot-sized gland that sits close to the bladder. The gland spans around the urethra, which is a tube that extends from the neck of the bladder toward the tip of your penis.
The main function of the prostate is to assist in providing nourishment to semen. The gland produces a clear liquid, which is often referred to as prostate fluid.
During ejaculation, semen moves from the testicles to the prostate, where it mixes with the prostate fluid. The resulting sperm is then pushed into the urethra and expelled at the tip of the penis.
Problems with the prostate result in fertility difficulties and can also cause side effects and symptoms to develop. In some cases, this can be due to prostate infection.
Different types of bacteria species can cause prostate infection, and sometimes this may be related to a sexually transmitted disease.
If you have been asking can a prostate infection be sexually transmitted, then the information we share in this post will be useful.
Can Complementary Therapies Help
Many men find complementary therapies help them deal with their symptoms and the day-to-day impact of their prostatitis, helping them feel more in control. Some men find they feel more relaxed and better about themselves and their treatment.
Complementary therapies are usually used alongside medical treatments, rather than instead of them. Some complementary therapies have side effects and some may interfere with your prostatitis treatment. So tell your doctor or nurse about any complementary therapies youre using or thinking of trying.
You should also tell your complementary therapist about your prostatitis and any treatments youre having, as this can affect what therapies are safe and suitable for you.
Some GPs and hospitals offer complementary therapies. But if you want to find a therapist yourself, make sure they are properly qualified and belong to a professional body. The Complementary and Natural Healthcare Council have advice about finding a therapist.
The following are examples of complementary therapies that some men use.
Be very careful when buying herbal remedies over the internet. Many are made outside the UK and may not be high-quality. Many companies make claims that arent based on proper research. There may be no real evidence that their products work, and some may even be harmful. Remember that even if a product is natural, this doesnt mean it is safe. For more information about using herbal remedies safely visit the MHRA website.
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Avelox Prostatitis Antibiotic :
Avelox is Used to Treat Acute & Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis , This Antibiotic is Generally used as the First Treatment for The Acute & Chronic Prostatittis , In some cases some patients with non bacterial Prostatitis Conditions Have been treated with Avelox as some symptoms are similar to Bacterial and non bacterial Prostatitis .
Symptoms To Look Out For After Sexual Activity
If you experience symptoms of prostatitis following a recent sexual activity, especially when you did not use protection, it is important to look out for accompanying symptoms.
To be more specific, look for symptoms linked to chlamydia, as this can give you a good indication of whether or not you should get tested. One of the major problems here is that many symptoms of chlamydia may also be caused by prostatitis not linked to an STI.
It is, however, important to look for any penile discharge. This may be a sign of chlamydia, as it is commonly experienced by men infected with this bacterial infection. Sometimes, chlamydia also causes the testicles to swell up. Some men complain about pain in the testicles along with swelling.
In addition to chlamydia, it is important not to overlook the possibility of gonorrhea as well. This is another relatively common sexually transmitted infection that is caused by a bacteria known as the Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
The bacteria can spread through the penis, anus, eyes, urethra, and other parts of the body. This particular bacteria is known for choosing warm parts of the human body to grow and cause infection, which makes the prostate an ideal location. When the bacteria is transmitted through a mans penis, it can result in the development of prostate infection.
Another factor to take into account here is the fact that the presence of chronic prostatitis along with an STI may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
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