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Symptoms Of Enlarged Prostate In Dogs

How Are These Prostate Diseases Treated

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia in a dog. What are the indications and treatment options.

Treatment goals are to decrease the size of the prostate, alleviate pain, and prevent complications such as inflammation or infection. Treatment depends on the diagnosis.

Castration is the first-choice treatment for most dogs with BPH, causing a rapid decrease in the size of the prostate by more than 50% in 3 weeks and 75% in 3 months. Treatment options include both surgical and chemical castration. Talk to your vet about which type of castration is recommended for your dog based on their age and any health risks.

Prostatitis , abscess or infection, and cancer require various treatments including pain management, castration and/or prostatic surgery, antibiotics, chemotherapy, and palliative therapy .

If your dog is diagnosed with a prostatic disease, you must give all medications as instructed by your vet. Follow-up appointments are important to make sure your pet is improving and to determine if adjustments to medication are needed.

Can You Remove A Prostate In Dogs

A prostatectomy is an operation that your dog will almost certainly need if he develops serious or life-threatening problems as a result of his prostate. This procedure will remove either a portion or the full prostate gland in order to save your dog from any prostate problems he may have.

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Prostate Cancer in Dogs is a rare condition, and it is prone to only male dogs. Prostate cancer disease can be diagnosed early through routine veterinary check-ups and physical examinations. Also, ensure you contact your veterinarian for advice and/or to schedule a check-up if your pet is showing any unusual signs or symptoms.

Prostatic And Paraprostatic Cysts

Cysts are similar to blisters but usually filled with fluid. They can develop in the prostate itself, which are referred to as prostatic cysts, or around the surface of the prostate, which are called paraprostatic cysts.

Prostatic and paraprostatic cysts in dogs slowly grow larger with time and when they become too big they put pressure on the pet’s colon, rectum and urethra. Some of the symptoms include constipation, loss of appetite, lethargy, abdominal pain and painful urination or defecation.

How to Fix It:

Depending on the severity of the condition, as well as the location of either prostatic and paraprostatic cyst, usual treatments include medications, castration and surgery.

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Prognosis Of Prostate Cancer In Dogs Neutered And Non

We also think it wise to intimate you about the prognosis of prostate cancer in dogs. When the Symptoms of Prostate Cancer in Dogs is indicating the disease is in its advanced stage, the prognosis is very poor and the outcome of treatment is not encouraging. The average survival period is a little over 4 months, with most dogs euthanized within this period due to tumor progression or metastasis.

What Is Natural And Herbal Prostate Support

Dog Prostate Problems

Older dogs that have not been neutered are more prone to developing canine prostate problems, like an enlarged prostate and inflammation of the prostate. It has been determined that neutering is essential to averting most prostate issues for the dog’s entire life, except for prostate cancer, since this can occur in both neutered and intact male dogs.

Herbal remedies have become a popular method of treating prostate problems in dogs. Some of the herbs which have the most favorable results are saw palmetto, nettle root, cleavers, and echinacea. Dietary supplements like vitamin E, vitamin C, kelp, and lecithin can also help.

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Diagnosis Of Prostate Cancer In Dogs

Diagnosis of prostate cancer in dogs may be difficult, as symptoms of the condition share much in common with other forms of cancer, or even less serious conditions such as urinary tract infections. Sometimes it can go undiagnosed until it reaches an advanced stage and starts to metastasize.

Veterinarians usually check prostate health, especially in older males, with palpitations and a physical examination. They can usually detect irregularities in the prostate gland or masses in the abdomen.

Further tests, including urinalysis, contrast X-rays, ultrasound scans, and biopsies, may follow.

Ultrasound helps determine if the prostate is swollen or has polyps, cysts, or tumors. It does not tell whether the tumor is cancerous, so veterinarians will often take a biopsy of the rectal wall. This helps them figure out if the tumor is malignant and what kind of cancer it is.

X-rays can be used to find out if the cancer has metastasized or spread to other areas of the body.

Efficacy Of Natural And Herbal Prostate Support In Dogs

In most cases, the herbal, dietary, and homeopathic methods don’t require hospitalization, especially if administered during the early stages of a dog’s prostate issues.

These treatments can be applied successfully at home, although the supervision of a vet or holistic vet is strongly recommended.

A conventional treatment can include injections, oral medications, enemas, urinary catheterizations, and possibly surgery.

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Highly Effective Noninvasive Treatment For Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The prostate gland produces seminal fluid and older male dogs commonly have enlarged prostate or BPH . There is little difference from humans in anatomy, physiology and symptoms of this disease . It is more common in intact dogs, but there is no clear reason why it affects some male dogs and not others. The most common clinical sign of BPH in dogs is bloody fluid dripping from the penis not associated with urination. In severe cases it can obstruct the colon and result in constipation. Treatment in dogs usually involves surgically removing the prostate gland.

What Is An Enlarged Prostate

Signs, Symptoms and Treatment of an Enlarged Prostate

Male dogs and cats have a prostate gland just like human men. It is a small gland located just behind the bladder, surrounding the urethra and below the rectum.

The glands function is to produce fluid found in semen, which provides nourishment for sperm cells during breeding. The gland begins to develop before your pet reaches puberty. This is determined by the male sex hormone, testosterone, that occurs in intact males. By 2 years of age, the gland reaches its maximum size.

A male pets normal gland size varies depending on breed, size, age and neutering status. Enlargement in pets can result from many causes, including the enlargement of epithelial cells, development of pre-cancerous cells, or inflammation in cells.

Since the urethra passes through the prostate gland, enlargement puts pressure on the urethra and makes urination uncomfortable. Complete obstruction is rare, but affected pets will spend a long time urinating and may only produce a weak stream of urine. Severe enlargement can also compress the colon, creating problems with bowel movements.

Your veterinarian can make a definitive diagnosis.

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Prostate Cancer In Dogs Neutered And Non

You will be learning about Prostate Cancer in Dogs including information regarding the Cure for Prostate Cancer Dogs. This informative piece is a response to those asking Can a Dogs Prostate be Removed? Prostate cancer develops in dogs but its occurrence is rare and it is very deadly as it can easily metastasize and spread to other body areas including the lungs, bones, and lymph nodes. Ensure you read through to the end especially if you want to learn about Neutered Prostate Cancer in Dogs.

Post Contents

  • Can you remove a prostate in dogs?
  • Where Is The Prostate Gland Located In A Scottish Terrier

    The gland is located within the pelvic canal or at the brim of the pelvis. The normal gland is larger in older dogs than juvenile dogs, and the Scottish terrier is known for having a larger than average prostate gland. If the gland is abnormally enlarged, it will often fall into the abdominal cavity.

    Some dogs with BPH dont show any clinical signs. Others may strain to defecate if their prostate is severely enlarged and presses on their colon. The prostatic enlargement may obstruct the dogs urethra, which can lead to straining during urination. Flat ribbon-like stools are a suggestive sign of benign prostatic hyperplasia in dogs.

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    Recovery Of Prostate Enlargement In Dogs

    Follow-up visits with your veterinarian are important to monitor recovery. BPH treated through neutering will require a prostate exam and/or follow-up imaging in order to confirm that the prostate is shrinking as expected. Full recovery is expected to be swift, although you will have to monitor the site of your dogs castration incision and prevent your dog from biting, licking or scratching the site in order to ensure proper healing.

    Because bacterial infections require extensive treatment, follow-up visits will be necessary to assess the efficacy of treatment and if changes need to be made to medications and methods. These visits will involve analysis or urine and prostate fluid samples. If your dog has prostate cancer and you choose to treat through radiation, treatment will regularly be monitored. The prognosis for dogs with prostate cancer is not good once diagnosed, the average survival rate is between six weeks to one year.

    What Is Prostate Enlargement

    Prostate Problems in Dogs  Hypertrophy, Prostatitis ...

    An enlarged prostate gland may affect your dogs bowel movements or urination, or it may not cause any symptoms. As the prostate interacts closely with the bladder, prostate enlargement may be a secondary symptom of a bladder condition. Prostatomegaly is most likely to be found in adult dogs middle aged and older and only occurs in male dogs. It is more common in unneutered dogs, occurring at a rate of 80% of unneutered males over the age of 8. While prostate enlargement is most likely benign, it is imperative to seek a veterinary diagnosis promptly, as it has several severe and even life-threatening potential causes.

    A dogs prostate gland is situated between the bladder and the rectum and produces prostatic fluid and is regulated by a dogs testosterone. The abnormal enlargement of a dogs prostate gland is medically referred to as prostatomegaly.

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    Treatment For Enlarged Prostate In Pets

    Treatment will vary depending on the underlying cause. Your veterinarian will prescribe treatment options including medications or surgical procedures best suited to your dogs individual needs.


    Preventive measures ideally begin with neutering pets at an early age, usually before puberty, to prevent the normal growth of the gland. If your pet is neutered later in life, the gland will shrink after the testosterone is removed.

    Dogs with benign enlargement caused by excess hormone levels may undergo surgical castration to relieve symptoms. BPH responds very well to hormone therapy. Testosterone and estrogen form in the testicles, so neutering is usually effective. After neutering, the prostate typically returns to its normal size within a month after surgery. If not treated, BPH can lead to infertility and serious infections.

    Bacterial infections

    Abscesses and cysts

    Abscesses or cysts can be surgically drained.


    Prostate cancer is rare and usually occurs only in neutered male dogs. Both adenocarcinoma and transitional carcinoma have poor prognosis and are life-threatening. Surgery is not usually an option, and medicine may only help briefly. These types of canine cancers are confirmed via biopsy. Ultrasound-guided biopsy can be used instead of more invasive surgical procedures. In dogs with prostatic carcinoma, external beam radiotherapy may help relieve pain.

    What Causes Enlarged Prostate

    Enlargement of the gland is common in intact male dogs, but less common in cats and other pets.

    The most common related disease in intact male dogs is benign prostatic hyperplasia . It is frequently seen in unneutered dogs after the age of 5. BPH can worsen and improve cyclically, especially if females in heat are nearby.

    Bacterial prostatitis, abscesses, cysts and cancer are much less common, but these forms of canine prostate enlargement can also be found in neutered males.

    Causes of enlarged prostate:

    • Benign prostatic hyperplasia or cystic hyperplasia
    • Prostatisis – bacterial infection and inflammation
    • Cancer rare in dogs typically, either an adenocarcinoma that originates in glandular tissue or a transitional carcinoma that spreads from the urinary tract. To confirm cancer, a biopsy is done.
    • Paraprostatic cysts – large fluid filled sacs that form outside the gland and connect to it by a thin stalk
    • Squamous metaplasia enlargement of the gland caused by excessive exposure to estrogen
    • Abscess a pocket of infected fluid develops within the gland
    • Prostatic neoplasia tumors of the gland
    • Squamous metaplasia benign changes in the lining of the gland
    • Sarcoma cancer of the connective or support tissue or soft tissue
    • Hormonal imbalances

    When a male pet is neutered, most of the prostate gland is removed. As a result, enlargement problems seldom occur in neutered pets.

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    What Are Prostate Problems In Dogs

    A prostate problem most of the time is the enlargement of the gland in middle-aged and senior dogs. It can start as soon as your pet is 5 years old and it affects all breeds alike. As we have seen before, it can occur under different scenarios, but the most common reason is the increase in the size of epithelial cells of the prostate and their number.

    It reaches anabnormal size that affects the quality of life of your dog because it createsproblems with normal urination and defecation. Furthermore, it can causeproblems at the hour of walking, provoke discomfort and reduce the activitylevels of your pet.

    Furthermore,here are some other consequences of prostate issues:

    • Urinary incontinence
    • Depression
    • Lack of appetite

    Now that you have a clear idea of what prostate problems are and how they can affect the life of your pet, it is time to explain the four main types of prostate issues in dogs.

    Male dogs affected by prostatic problems may find it difficult or even impossible to breed a female dog in heat.

    Diagnosis Of Prostate Cancer In Dogs Neutered And Non

    Veterinary tip of the day – Canine Prostatic Enlargement

    To get appropriate treatment of Cure for Prostate Cancer in Dogs, you must take your dog to your veterinarian for examinations so that a definite diagnosis and favourable treatment plan can be drafted. The key to effective treatment is to diagnose the disease condition when it is in its early stage.

    Your veterinarian will perform a thorough physical examination by assessing his overall health feel his stomach to check for pain and abnormalities. Also, the renal and rectal examination can be done to feel the prostate gland in there is the development of any enlarged lymph nodes that could indicate cancer.

    Usually, further examinations such as chest and or abdominal X-rays are likely done to check for the size of the prostate and as well look for any other abnormalities such as signs of cancer spread.

    An abdominal ultrasound scan is also performed to see how the prostate looks and give a better impression of cancerâs effects on the surrounding organs.

    Lab investigation such as blood tests such as prostate-specific antigen as well as urinalysis may be requested work to ensure your dogâs internal organs are all functioning properly and that no changes have occurred.

    A prostate biopsy can be done it involves the removal of a tissue sample of the prostate. This is to help the veterinarian come up with a definitive diagnosis to confirm that an abnormal prostate is cancerous.

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    Signs Of Prostate Disease In Dogs

    Because the diseases of the prostate cause enlargement of the gland, symptoms can often be similar. Acute prostatitis, abscess, or cancer of the prostate will usually cause more severe symptoms. Common signs include the following:

    • Difficulty and pain associated with having a bowel movement or constipation
    • Stool is abnormally long and flat instead of the normal log shape
    • Blood is seen in the urine, abnormal discharge from the penis
    • Difficulty or unable to urinate
    • Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infection
    • Infertility and reluctant to breed a female dog in heat
    • Diarrhea
    • Urine accidents
    • Pain in the lower back or belly area
    • Change in normal behavior such as inactive or reluctant to move. Dogs may become aggressive when petted or when picked up.
    • Fever, not eating, laying in one spot
    • Neurologic signs such as difficulty walking or noticeable stiffness to rear legs

    Treatment Options For An Enlarged Dog Prostate

    The treatment for the enlarged prostate will depend on the underlyingcauses. Infections will be treated with a cure of oral antibiotics. Surgery may be needed to extract a cyst, tumor or polyp situated in the prostate gland area.

    Some vets will recommend neutering the dog to prevent further complications.

    The administration of synthetic hormones may also solve the hormonal imbalance and reduce the size of the prostate to normal.

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    What Happens To A Dog With Prostatic Disease

    Some dogs with prostatic disease may exhibit a wide-based gait in the hind limbs, called the prostatic shuffle, which is an attempt to ease discomfort while walking. In breeding dogs, decreased libido , hemospermia and reduced fertility may be the historical complaints. The prostate gland is palpated per rectum.

    Causes Of Enlarged Prostates In Dogs

    Prostate Problems in Dogs  Hypertrophy, Prostatitis ...

    The location and anatomy of the prostate is important in understanding the clinical signs associated with prostatomegaly. The prostate is located just behind the urinary bladder and under the colon. The prostate encircles the urethra, which is the tube that carries urine from the bladder through the penis and out of the body, as it exits the bladder.

    The prostate is made up of two symmetrical parts, or lobes, located on either side of the urethra. When the prostate is small it sits within the pelvic canal, but as it increases in size, it moves forward into the abdomen.

    The clinical signs of prostatomegaly vary with the type and severity of the prostatic disease. A urethral discharge is commonly seen with prostatic disease. Since the prostate communicates with the urethra, any increase in prostatic secretions may lead to a noted discharge.

    Infection from prostatitis or a prostatic abscess may lead to a cloudy or purulent or pussy discharge. Bloody discharges may be seen with infections, tumors, or even BPH as an increased blood supply to the prostate may lead to hemorrhage. Clear or yellow discharges may be seen with cystic disease.

    Your dog may also strain when he defecates when the prostate enlarges to the point of putting pressure on the colon and decreasing its functional diameter. The occasional ribbon-like appearance to the stools is a result of this compression. The decreased diameter can also result in constipation.

    The most common causes of prostatomegaly include:

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